The Parenting Stress Index

The Parenting Stress Index - Standard Form

The PSI is a parent self-report, 101-item questionnaire, designed to identify potentially dysfunctional parent-child systems. An optional 19-item Life Events stress scale is also provided. The PSI focuses intervention into high stress areas and predicts children's future psychosocial adjustment. There exists a substantial body of published research linking PSI scores to observed parent and child behaviors and to child's attachment style and social skills.

A computer scoring and report writing program, which allows for the comparison of individual parent profiles to 47 researched clinical profiles and provides the references for each profile, is available. The PSI was developed for use with parents of children 3 months to 10 years of age. An upward age extension of this test is also available - The Stress Index for Parenting Adolescents.

PSI Scales - Total Score
Child DomainParent Domain
Adaptability Social Isolation
Reinforces Parent Attachment to Child
Demandingness Health
Mood Role Restriction
Acceptability Depression

The Parenting Stress Index - Short Form

The PSI-SF consists of 36 items derived from the PSI which comprise three scales: Parental Distress, Difficult Child Characteristics, and Dysfunctional Parent-Child Interaction. I urge all PSI-SF users to consider using the regular PSI given that the savings of 10-15 minutes is not worth the loss of the information from the PSI subscales, each of which have established validity. Given the range of the variables measured by the regular PSI's subscales, treatment effects are more likely to be identified and treatment planning is facilitated.

How to Obtain the PSI

The PSI can be ordered from:

Psychological Assessment Resources

International customers should call 813-968-3003

Validation Studies and Foreign Language Translations

For a keyword list of validation studies for the PSI click here.

For a list of the validated foreign language translations of the PSI click here.

Updated May 30, 2003

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