TUFTS UNIVERSITY
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE

PS 158 – Spring 1999           Dr. Robert J. Beck
Tuesday, Thursday 5:00-6:20 PM   72 Professors’ Row
Eaton Hall 333                 617-627-3489
http://www.people.virginia.edu/~rjb3v/ps158.html    rbeck01@emerald.tufts.edu


INTERNATIONAL LAW

Course Objectives

  1. To teach the essentials of positive international law against the background of the realities of international relations and the normative requirements of international law.
  2. To improve the student's analytical ability and capacity for effective oral presentation through the modified form of the "case method" followed in law schools.


Required Readings

Henkin, L., R. Pugh, O. Schachter & H. Smit, International Law: Cases and Materials, third edition (1993).

Course Requirements and Important Dates

  1. Attendance at all lectures. Dates of lectures are indicated below in parentheses.
  2. Written briefing of cases assigned from casebook. 10 briefs collected.
  3. In-class hand-out and oral presentation of one case.
  4. Midterm examination - Tuesday, March 9, 5:00-6:20 PM
  5. Final examination - Tuesday, May 11, 7:00-9:00 PM
  6. Thursday, January 21 - first class meeting
  7. Thursday, April 29 - last class meeting before final examination
  8. Tuesday, March 23 and Thursday, March 25 - Spring Recess, no class


Grade

Final grades will be based on the following formula:

  1. Written briefing of assigned cases - 10 percent
  2. Hand-out and oral presentation of case - 10 percent
  3. Midterm examination - 40 percent
  4. Final examination - 40 percent

 

I. THE NATURE, SCOPE, AND STATUS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

A. The Historical and Philosophical Origins of International Law   (1/26)

Henkin, et al., pp. xxii-xxxi

B. Is International Law "Law?"  (1/28, 2/2)

Henkin, et al., pp. 1-50

C. Custom as a Source of International Law  (2/4)

Henkin, et al., pp. 51-94

D. Treaties, General Principles, and Other Sources  (2/9)

Henkin, et al., pp. 94-148

E. The Relationship of International Law to Domestic Law  (2/11, 2/16)

Henkin, et al., pp. 149-181, 198-240

II. THE SUBJECTS OF INTERNATIONAL LAW

A. Statehood and Recognition  (2/23, 2/25)

Henkin, et al., pp. 241-286

B. Non-state Entities and Self-Determination  (3/2)

Henkin, et al., pp. 294-308, 344-362, 374-394

III. SOVEREIGNTY OVER LAND TERRITORY

A. Land and Territorial Sovereignty  (3/4, 3/11)

Henkin, et al., pp. 308-343

IV. INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

A. General Principles and Reservations  (3/16)

Henkin, et al., pp. 416-426, 431-463

B. Interpretation, Invalidity and Termination  (3/18)

Henkin, et al., pp. 463-533

V. JURISDICTION

A. General Principles of Jurisdiction  (3/30, 4/1)

Henkin, et al., pp. 1046-1067, 1081-1098

B. Conflicts of Jurisdiction  (4/6)

Henkin, et al., pp. 1098-1108

C. Enforcement Jurisdiction, Extradition, Jurisdiction over the Irregularly Obtained  (4/8, 4/13)

Henkin, et al., pp. 1108-1125

VI. IMMUNITY FROM JURISDICTION

A. Diplomatic Immunity  (4/15)

Henkin, et al., pp. 823-837, 1200-1219

B. Sovereign Immunity  (4/20)

Henkin, et al., pp. 1126-1200


VII. STATE RESPONSIBILITY

A. State Responsibility for Injury to Aliens  (4/22)

Henkin, et al., pp. 677-738, 755-758

VIII. THE LAW OF THE SEA

A. The Law of the Sea  (4/27)

Henkin, et al., pp. 1231-1351

IX. THE INTERNATIONAL LAW OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

A. The Law Regarding the Initiation of Force  (4/29)

Henkin, et al., pp. 868-1018



  • EXAMINATIONS: Students are required to take course examinations at scheduled times. Make-up examinations will be given under two circumstances only: (1) physical illness of student - doctor's excuse required; or (2) death of family member.
  • READING ASSIGNMENTS: Aside from (1) chapter introductions, (2) the cases to be briefed, and (3) the notes that follow those cases, the reading assignments from the Henkin casebook may generally be skimmed.
  • TELEPHONE: The instructor requests that you do not call him at his home. If you have an urgent concern, please send him an e-mail message and/or call the Political Science Department at 617-627-3465.
  • TECHNOLOGY: Computer, printer, or floppy disk failures are not acceptable excuses for a late assignment. Please make back-up copies of your computer files, keep multiple diskettes, and print out your assignment early.




CASES TO BE BRIEFED

Custom as a Source of International Law

  • Paquete Habana, 58
  • S.S. Lotus, 63

Treaties, General Principles, and Other Sources

  • Western Sahara, 133

The Relationship of International Law to Domestic Law

  • Missouri v. Holland, 206
  • Foster and Elam v. Neillson, 212
  • Whitney v. Robertson, 221
  • Carlton v. Kelly, 228
  • U.S. v. Belmont, 236

Statehood and Recognition

  • Tinoco Claims, 269
  • Salimoff v. Standard Oil, 272
  • Upright v. Mercury Business Machines, 273
  • NPC of Iran v. M/T Stolt Sheaf, 276

Non-state Entities and Self-Determination

  • U.N. Reparations, 348
  • Mavromatis Palestine Concessions, 374

Land and Territorial Sovereignty

  • Island of Palmas, 309
  • Eastern Greenland, 317
  • Burkina Faso v. Republic of Mali, 324
  • El Salvador v. Honduras, 331

Treaties: General Principles and Reservations

  • Reservations to the Genocide Convention, 446

General Principles of Jurisdiction

  • U.S. v. ALCOA, 1052
  • Blackmer v. U.S., 1058
  • US v. Fawaz Yunis, 1064
  • Wilson v. Girard, 1093

Conflicts of Jurisdiction

  • U.S. v. Bank of Nova Scotia, 1098

Enforcement Jurisdiction, Extradition, and Jurisdiction over the Irregularly Obtained

  • US v. Alvarez-Machain, 1116

Diplomatic Immunity

  • United States v. Iran, 831

Sovereign Immunity

  • Schooner Exchange, 1129
  • Dralle v. Czechoslovakia, 1133
  • Republic of Argentina v. Weltover, 1142
  • Argentine Republic v. Amerada Hess Shipping, 1153

State Responsibility for Injury to Aliens

  • Nottebohm, 397
  • Finnish Shipowners, 693
  • US v. Italy, 696
  • William T. Way, 705
  • Laura M.B. Janes, 716
  • B. E. Chattin, 711