Brief Bibliography: Phoolan Devi
Complied by Philip McEldowney. Originally 16 January 1994.
Last update 12 July 1996


'Bandit Queen' of India freed after 11 years."- Fb 1994
Basu, Moni. "Leading ladies : Devi and Gandhi take national spotlight." Apr 1996
Bradshaw, Jon. "The Bandit Queen." Oc 1985
Burns, John F. "Bandit Queen returns. . ." Fb 1994
Burns, John F. "India's 'avenging angel': candidate of low castes." May 96
Burns, John F. "India's 'avenging angel': candidate of low castes." May '96 [Late]
Butalia, P. Still Untouchable--Devi, Phoolan and 'Bandit Queen' Ap 1995
Carr, Jay. India's 'Bandit Queen': The unsinkable Phoolan Devi. Jl 1995
Cooper, Kenneth J. '"Bandit' candidate seeks low-caste vote." May 1996
Corliss, Richard. Bandit Queen. Ag 1995
Dahlburg, John-Thor. "'Bandit queen' freed . . ." Fb 1994
Dahlburg, John-Thor. "'The Bandit Queen' still an outcast" Oc 1994
Devi, Phoolan. I, Phoolan. 1996
Devi, Phoolan Gives her blessing to 'Bandit Queen' Ag 1995
Dutka, Elaine. "'Bandit Queen' eligible for Oscar try."- Nv 1994
Ellison, Mike. "Bandit queen settles for cash."- Mr 1995
Fischer, Mary A. "Two actresses vie. . ." Je 1984
Frain, Irene. Phoolan 1994
Hands up." The Economist Nv 1994
Holden, Stephen. "Bandit Queen." Mr 1995
Kauffmann, Stanley 1916-. Bandit Queen. Jl 1995
Kempley, Rita. "'Bandit Queen' Je 1995
Lady killer." (Dacoit P Devi). Fb 1983
Laly, Amy. "The Bandit Queen" (1995)
Malcolm, Derek. "Bombay time bomb." Fb 1995
Malcolm, Derek. "Winning through."- My 1994
McCord, Andy. "The Bandit Queen runs." May '96
McDonald, Hamish 1948-. "Queen's gambit." Nv 1994
Moore, Molly. "Outrage of the outlaw " Dc 1994
O'Shea, Stephen. Women warriors. Sp 1995
Pinch, William. "The Bandit Queen" Oc 1996
Prasad, Udayan. "Woman on the edge." Fb 1995
Rajadhyaksha, Ashish. "Beyond Bandit queen." Oc 1994
Rattansi, Afshin. "Vengeful Times in Chambal Valley." Sp 1991
Rettie, John. "Bandit queen to be freed on parole." Fb 1994
Rettie, John. "Censors ban film on Bandit Queen." Ag 1994
Sen, Mala 1947-, and Rita Manchanda. "India's bandit queen. . ." Je 1992
Sen, Mala. India's Bandit Queen: The True Story Phoolan Devi. 1991
Sen, Mala. "The outlaw."--Commentary. Guardian Dec 94
Shears, Richard, and Isobelle Gidley. Devi: The Bandit Queen. 1984
Weaver, Mary Anne. "India's Bandit Queen," The Atlantic, November 1996.
Zubryzcki, John. "'Bandit Queen' trades bullets for ballots in Indian election."- May 1996

"'Bandit Queen' of India freed after 11 years."--News. SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE: Feb 20, 1994, A, 17:1. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). FEATURES: Photograph. ABSTRACT: Phoolan Devi, the gun-toting "Bandit Queen" of India and darling of the downtrodden, walked out of a New Delhi court on Feb 19, 1994 a free woman after spending 11 years in jail on charges of murdering 18 landowners. Devi was never tried for the alleged crimes. SUBJECT TERMS: Prisoners; Devi, Phoolan; New Delhi India.

Basu, Moni. "Leading ladies : Devi and Gandhi take national spotlight."-- Feature. Atlanta Journal Constitution: Apr 27, 1996, A, 10:1. LENGTH Medium (6-18 col inches). FEATURES Photograph. ABSTRACT Sonia Gandhi and Phoolan Devi are making their marks in the traditionally male-dominated national elections. Devi is a lower-caste heroine seeking a Parliament seat in India's most populous state, and Gandhi opted out of the Congressional elections, leaving the party of her husband, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, without a strong leader. SUBJECT TERMS: Elections; Women; Gandhi, Sonia.; Devi, Phoolan.; Gandhi, Rajiv.

Bradshaw, Jon. "The Bandit Queen." (Dacoit P Devi). ESQUIRE 104:73-5+ Oct '85. il por. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan; Crime and criminals--India. ABSTRACT: The writer recounts a trip to India to seek out Phoolan Devi, the legendary Bandit Queen, said to be a charming one-armed nymphomaniac willing to kill anyone who gets in her way. Once when her gang was robbing a bank, or so the story goes, she went to the roof of the building and sang to the crowd below, entrancing even the police. Armed with background, the writer is determined to meet the woman. He learns that she is not what she is reported to be but is memorable nonetheless.

Burns, John F. "Bandit queen returns, an angel to the oppressed."--News. NEW YORK TIMES: Feb 23, 1994, A, 4:3. LENGTH: Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES: Photograph, Map. ABSTRACT: Phoolan Devi, one of India's best-known women, is profiled. Also known as the Bandit Queen, the Avenging Angel and the Rebel of the Ravines, Devi is a lower-caste fisherman's daughter who seems poised to ride a new tide in Indian politics as a symbol of the revolt against lower-class misery. SUBJECT TERMS: Personal profiles; Social classes; Politics; Devi, Phoolan; India.

Burns, John F. "Bandit Queen returns, an angel to the oppressed." NEW YORK TIMES (Late New York Edition) A4 Feb 23 '94. il por map. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan; Crime and criminals--History--India; India--Politics and government. ABSTRACT: (Feb. 22) India's legendary Bandit Queen, Phoolan Devi, was released from prison last weekend and seems poised to ride a new tide in Indian politics as a symbol of the revolt against lower-class misery. The leader of a band of rural robbers, Devi was imprisoned for 11 years without trial for the murder of 22 upper-caste landowners in Uttar Pradesh State. Lower-caste political parties are hoping to make her their candidate.

Burns, John F. India's 'Avenging Angel' : Candidate of Low Castes.--News. New York Times: May 6, 1996, A, 3:1. LENGTH Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES Map, Photograph. ABSTRACT: Phoolan Devi's passage from violent banditry to would-be legislator for a lower-caste party has angered about as many Indians as it has pleased. Devi's stump speech for the May 7, 1996 Indian elections places her squarely among the rising band of Indian politicians who seek power by appealing to the frustrations of the lower-caste voters who account for about 85% of the 590 million Indians eligible to vote. SUBJECT TERMS: Elections: Candidates; Public opinion; Caste; Devi, Phoolan.

Burns, John F. "India's 'avenging angel': candidate of low castes." New York Times (Late New York Edition) A3 May 6 '96. FEATURES il por map. ABSTRACT: (May 5) Phoolan Devi, a former bandit, is one of a rising group of Indian politicians who seek power by appealing to the frustrations of the lower-caste voters who account for about 85 percent of the electorate. When the results of India's current elections are announced, probably by the weekend, they are expected to show more seats than ever before going to lower-caster parties like Devi's Samajwadi Party. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan.; Political campaigns--India.; Crime and criminals--History--India.; Caste--India.; Mirzapur (India)--Politics and government.

BUTALIA, P. STILL UNTOUCHABLE--DEVI,PHOOLAN AND 'BANDIT QUEEN'--English--Letter. SIGHT AND SOUND: V0005 N4: APR 1995: p. 64.

Carr, Jay. India's 'Bandit Queen': The unsinkable Phoolan Devi.--Movie Review-Favorable. Boston Globe: Jul 7, 1995, 28:5 LENGTH Medium (6-18 col inches). ABSTRACT Jay Carr reviews the movie "Bandit Queen," directed by Shekhar Kapur. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Kapur, Shekhar.

Cooper, Kenneth J. '"Bandit' candidate seeks low-caste vote."--News. Washington Post: May 6, 1996, A, 14:1. LENGTH Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES Photograph. ABSTRACT Phoolan Devi, a poor, lower-caste woman, who turned outlaw after she says she was raped and abused, is running for India's Parliament. Her celebrity campaign concludes May 7, 1996 when the region around Mirzapur votes in the next phase of nationwide elections. SUBJECT TERMS Elections; Devi, Phoolan.

Corliss, Richard. Bandit Queen. (Movie review) Time 146:67 Aug 14 '95. FEATURES il. SUBJECT TERMS Kapur, Shekhar; Motion picture reviews--Single works. ABSTRACT Bandit Queen, a film written by Mala Sen and directed by Shekhar Kapur, is a searing biography of Phoolan Devi, an outcast Hindu woman. Devi became a folk hero in India as the head of a band of outlaws who attacked India's corrupt elite. Unlike most Indian films that are either musical fables or languid art films, Bandit Queen is as an assaultive experience that includes obscenities, frontal nudity, and three stark rape scenes. Seema Biswas is superb as Devi.

Dahlburg, John-Thor. "'Bandit queen' freed in India after 11 years."--News. LOS ANGELES TIMES: Feb 20, 1994, A, 4:3. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). ABSTRACT: On Feb 19, 1994, Phoolan Devi, India's most celebrated female outlaw who is known as the horse-riding "bandit queen," was released after 11 years in jail. Phoolan is briefly profiled. SUBJECT TERMS: Prisoners; Personal profiles; Devi, Phoolan; India.

Dahlburg, John-Thor. "'The Bandit Queen' still an outcast in India."--News. LOS ANGELES TIMES: Oct 20, 1994, F, 1:5. LENGTH: Long (18+ col inches). ABSTRACT: The objection in India to the film "The Bandit Queen," a film by S. S. (Bobby) Bedi that profiles a downtrodden, abused woman who seeks revenge on an unjust society, is discussed. Both the film's real-life subject and Indian censors object to the sex, violence, and depiction of the caste system. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Censorship; Bedi, S S (Bobby).

Devi, Phoolan. I, Phoolan: the autobiography of India's bandit queen. London: Little, Brown and Company, 1996. Phoolan Devi with Marie-Therese Cuny and Paul Rambali.

DEVI, PHOOLAN GIVES HER BLESSING TO 'BANDIT QUEEN'--English--Note. SIGHT AND SOUND: V0005 N8: AUG 1995: p. 4.

Dutka, Elaine. "'Bandit Queen' eligible for Oscar try."--News. LOS ANGELES TIMES: Nov 4, 1994, F, 2:3. LENGTH: Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES: Photograph. ABSTRACT The Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences informed producer S.S. (Bobby) Bedi that his film "The Bandit Queen" qualifies for Academy Award consideration. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Academy awards; Bedi, S S (Bobby).

Ellison, Mike. "Bandit queen settles for cash."--News. Guardian: Mar 11, 1995, 1, 14:1. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). ABSTRACT: Phoolan Devi, whose war against oppressors made her a hero in India, abandoned her battle on Mar 10, 1995 against the film made on her life by Shekhar Kapur. Devi accepted an out-of-court settlement of @40,000 from Britain's Channel 4, which commissioned the film. SUBJECT TERMS: Settlements & damages; Motion pictures; Devi, Phoolan; Channel 4-UK; India.

Fischer, Mary A. "Two actresses vie to escape Hollywood's caste system--by playing India's bandit queen." (Dacoit P Devi). PEOPLE WEEKLY 21:46-7 Jun 11 '84. il pors. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan; Bono, Susie; Khambatta, Persis; Crime and criminals--India.

Frain, Irene. PHOOLAN. Roli Books, 1994. Trans. from French by Carol Brick. Extracts in Telegraph: 18 Dec 1994, Magazine section, p. 12-15.

"Hands up." The Economist 333:116-17 Nov 12 '94. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan.

Holden, Stephen. "BANDIT QUEEN." (Movie review) New York Times (Late New York Edition) 18 Mar 18 '95. FEATURES: il. ABSTRACT: Shekhar Kapur's "Bandit Queen" is a rip-roaring action adventure film The movie tells the real-life story of Phoolan Devi, the former leader of a band of Indian outlaws that dealt in robbery, kidnapping, and murder. Devi, who was arrested in 1983 and held in prison for 11 years without a trial, is regarded by a significant percentage of India's poor as a goddess with a kind of Robin Hood mystique. Seema Biswas's viscerally compelling performance in the title role lends the film a white-hot core of passion. SUBJECT TERMS: Kapur, Shekhar; Motion picture reviews--Single works.

Kauffmann, Stanley 1916-. Bandit Queen. (Movie Review) The New Republic 213:24 Jul 10 '95. SUBJECT TERMS: Kapur, Shekhar; Motion picture reviews--Single works. ABSTRACT The Indian-made film Bandit Queen, directed by Shekhar Kapur, tells the true story of Phoolan Devi, a woman who was released from prison in February 1994 at age 35 after eleven years' imprisonment for committing robbery and murder. The child of low-caste impoverished parents in central India, Devi was sold into marriage at age 11 in 1970 for a bicycle and a cow. After being raped by her husband, Devi ran away from the marriage to lead a wanderer's life, suffering more abuse and eventually earning the name Bandit Queen for the plague that she became to the local authorities. The film includes moving and credible acting from Sunita Bhatt and Seema Biswas.

Kempley, Rita. "'Bandit Queen': Well-Caste Drama." (Movie review) Washington Post, 28 June 1995, C1,C5. URL: http://poe.acc.virginia.edu/~pm9k/ZoForth/Pholan/killquen.html

"Lady killer." (Dacoit P Devi). TIME 121:27 Feb 14 '83. por. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan; Crime and criminals--India.

Laly, Amy. "The Bandit Queen" (Film Review). URL: http://www.genius.net/indolink/Film/bandiQn.html

Malcolm, Derek. "Bombay time bomb."--Commentary. Guardian: Feb 16, 1995, 2, 8:5. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). FEATURES: Photograph. ABSTRACT: Derek Malcolm details his interview with director Shekhar Kapur about his film "Bandit Queen," which starred Seema Biswas as the former real life outlaw Phoolan Devi in India. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Personal profiles; Kapur, Shekhar; Devi, Phoolan; Biswas, Seema.

Malcolm, Derek. "Winning through."--Commentary. GUARDIAN: May 19, 1994, 2, 6:1. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). ABSTRACT: Derek Malcolm discusses the May 1994 premier of the motion picture "The Bandit Queen" directed by Shekhar Kapur, which opened at the Cannes (France) film festival. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Motion picture festivals; Kapur, Shekhar; Cannes France.

McCord, Andy. "The Bandit Queen runs." The Nation 262:4-5 May 20 '96. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan.; Crime and criminals--History--India.; Caste--India.; Political campaigns--India. Phoolan Devi, whose life story formed the basis for the film the Bandit Queen, is campaigning in the province of Uttar Pradesh against an incumbent from the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party in the Indian elections. One of hundreds of low-caste politicians who are figuring prominently in this election, Devi is much less rebellious than she appeared 15 years ago when her band of low-caste highway robbers eluded the police in two states. Representing the Samajwadi (Socialist) Party, Devi campaigns for roads and hospitals, attacks the Hindu Right for spreading violence, and promises government jobs, but she is given only half a chance to win in this largely Muslim district. Moreover, her party has fallen out bitterly with the Bahujan Samaj Party (Majority Society Party), dividing the low-caste and Muslim constituencies of both parties. Although the Hindu Right will benefit from this, the mobilization of these groups injects an entirely new force into Indian politics.

McDonald, Hamish 1948-. "Queen's gambit." Far Eastern Economic Review 157:29 Nov 3 '94. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan; Crime and criminals--India.

Moore, Molly. "Outrage of the outlaw : India's famed Bandit Queen aims to quash film on her life."--News. Washington Post: Dec 26, 1994, B, 1:6. LENGTH: Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES: Photograph. ABSTRACT: "Bandit Queen," the movie depicting the life of Phoolan Devi, who is known as the leader of a gang of robbers that took from the high caste and gave to the low caste in India, has become one of the most controversial motion pictures ever to come out of Bombay's "Bollywood" studios. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Devi, Phoolan; India.

O'Shea, Stephen. Women warriors. Harper's Bazaar 262+ Sep '95. FEATURES il pors. SUBJECT TERMS Petrova, Dimitrina; Devi, Phoolan; Apisuk, Chantawipa; Mack, Helen; Women--Equal rights. ABSTRACT The article presents brief profiles of women involved in the global fight for human rights: Helen Mack, of the Myrna Mack to bringing about democratic reform; Dimitrina Petrova, who helped in 1989 to establish Ecoglasnost, the Bulgarian democratic movement; Phoolan Devi, a downtrodden peasant girl who came to symbolize caste revolt and outlaw virtue for millions of people in India; and Chantawipa Apisuk, founder of Education Means Protection of Women Engaged in Recreation (EMPOWER), a collective dedicated to bettering the lot of sex workers in Thailand.

Pinch, William. "The Bandit Queen." The American Historical Review .v. 101:1149-50. Oct. '96. The subject of this film, directed by Shekhar Kapur, is Phoolan Devi. Phoolan was a low-caste Mallah woman who turned to a life of crime in the 1970s and became famous after a killing spree that included an alleged revenge murder of 22 high-caste men. The film's message that Phoolan was driven to violent crime solely because of a series of rapes is inaccurate. Nevertheless, it is historically significant that this film, containing profanities and blunt depictions of sex, was shown in India.

Prasad, Udayan. "Woman on the edge." Sight & Sound ns5:14-17 Feb '95. FEATURES: il. SUBJECT TERMS: Devi, Phoolan; Kapur, Shekhar; Motion pictures--India; Motion pictures--Biographical films; Motion pictures--Production and direction.

Rajadhyaksha, Ashish. "Beyond Bandit queen." SIGHT & SOUND Ns4:5 Oct '94. SUBJECT TERMS: Kapur, Shekhar; Motion picture censorship--India; Motion pictures--Biographical films.

Rattansi, Afshin. "Vengeful Times in Chambal Valley."--Book Review-Favorable. GUARDIAN: Sep 19, 1991, 25:5. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). ABSTRACT: Afshin Rattansi reviews Mala Sen's biography of Phoolan Devi entitled "India's Bandit Queen." Devi became a mass murderer after suffering a gang-rape and the murder of her lover in 1981. SUBJECT TERMS: Books-titles; Books-authors; Biographies; Rape; Mass murders; Nonfiction; Devi, Phoolan; Sen, Mala; India.

Rettie, John. "Bandit queen to be freed on parole."--News. GUARDIAN: Feb 19, 1994, 1, 14:1. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). FEATURES: Photograph. ABSTRACT: After 11 years in jail without a trial, Phoolan Devi--romanticized as the low-caste "bandit queen" who rode through northern India murdering, robbing and kidnapping while helping the poor--was ordered for release on parole on Feb 18, 1994 as the state of Uttar Pradesh dropped nearly 50 charges. SUBJECT TERMS: Parole & probation; Criminals; Devi, Phoolan; India.

Rettie, John. "Censors ban film on Bandit Queen."--News. GUARDIAN: Aug 31, 1994, 1, 7:1. LENGTH: Medium (6-18 col inches). ABSTRACT: An Indian film based on the life of the legendary Phoolan Devi, which contains graphic depiction of violence and rape against low-caste women in rural areas, was banned by the nation's censor board on Aug 30, 1994. The film, titled "Bandit Queen," is based on a biography of Devi. SUBJECT TERMS: Motion pictures; Censorship; Devi, Phoolan; India.

Sen, Mala 1947-, and Rita Manchanda. "India's bandit queen (BOOK REVIEW) the true story of Phoolan Devi." REVIEWED BY Manchanda, Rita. FAR EASTERN ECONOMIC REVIEW 155:30-1 Jun 4 '92.

Sen, Mala, 1947-. INDIA'S BANDIT QUEEN: THE TRUE STORY OF PHOOLAN DEVI. London: Harvill, 1991. 254 p. SUBJECT TERMS: Phoolan Devi; Dacoits--Biography. (ALDERMAN LIBRARY HV 6248 .P56 S46 1991)

Sen, Mala. "The outlaw."--Commentary. Guardian: Dec 8, 1994, 2, 6:3. LENGTH: Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES: Photograph. ABSTRACT: Mala Sen profiles famed Indian "Bandit Queen" Phoolan Devi, and notes that Devi opposes the film which Sen has made of Devi's life and imprisonment. SUBJECT TERMS: Personal profiles; Documentary films; Devi, Phoolan; India.

Shears, Richard, and Isobelle Gidley. DEVI: THE BANDIT QUEEN. London : Allen & Unwin, 1984. 244 p. SUBJECT TERMS: Phoolan Devi; Brigands and robbers--India--Biography. (ALDERMAN LIBRARY HV6248.P56 S5 1984b)

Weaver, Mary Anne. "India's Bandit Queen," The Atlantic, November 1996. Full-text and link to interview. Thirteen years have elapsed since Phoolan Devi surrendered, on her own terms, and was acclaimed by thousands of Indians as a female Robin Hood. For four years Devi roamed the ravines of the Chambal River Valley in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. During that time she had a price of $10,400 on her head, and a score of murders and over 30 instances of kidnapping and dacoity, or banditry, to her name. In one encounter, which became known as the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, she is alleged to have killed 22 men. Since 1983, against the odds, Devi has survived 11 years in prison without trial, an illness that was suspected of being cancer, and several assassination attempts. In February 1994, however, she was released from prison after the newly elected chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, the state where the Saint Valentine's Day Massacre happened, directed lawyers for the state to retract all charges against Devi, thus effectively pardoning her. An interview with Devi focuses on her campaign for parliament, her life as a bandit, and her rejection of Bandit Queen, the film based on her life.

Zubryzcki, John. "'Bandit Queen' trades bullets for ballots in Indian election."--News. Christian Science Monitor: May 3, 1996, 1:1. LENGTH Long (18+ col inches). FEATURES Photograph. ABSTRACT: Phoolan Devi, who gained fame as India's "Bandit Queen," is profiled. Devi, who has battled India's upper-caste society for years, is running for parliament in the nation's Uttar Pradesh state in May 1996. SUBJECT TERMS; Elections; Personal profiles; Devi, Phoolan.

================================= E N D ===============================


You are number researcher to study at this page, since 4 April 1996. (Thanks )
Return to Phoolan Devi's page

Back to the top


Webber Philip McEldowney
Last Update - Thursday, 26 July 2001
Count - 82,519