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DAWN WIRE SERVICE

------------------------------------------------------------------- Week Ending : 22 November 1997 Issue : 03/47 -------------------------------------------------------------------

Contents | National News | Business & Economy | Editorials & Features | Sports

The DAWN Wire Service (DWS) is a free weekly news-service from Pakistan's largest English language newspaper, the daily DAWN. DWS offers news, analysis and features of particular interest to the Pakistani Community on the Internet. Extracts, not exceeding 50 lines, can be used provided that this entire header is included at the beginning of each extract. We encourage comments & suggestions. We can be reached at: e-mail dws-owner@dawn.com WWW http://dawn.com/ fax +92(21) 568-3188 & 568-3801 mail Pakistan Herald Publications (Pvt.) Limited DAWN Group of Newspapers Haroon House, Karachi 74200, Pakistan Please send all Editorials and Letters to the Editor at letters@dawn.com Make sure you include your full name, complete address and, if in Pakistan, your daytime telephone number. TO START RECEIVING DWS FREE EVERY WEEK, JUST SEND US YOUR E-MAIL ADDRESS! (c) Pakistan Herald Publications (Pvt.) Ltd., Pakistan - 1996 DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS ******************************************************************** *****DAWN - the Internet Edition ** DAWN - the Internet Edition***** ******************************************************************** Read DAWN - the Internet Edition on the WWW ! http://dawn.com DAWN - the Internet Edition is published daily and is available on the Web by noon GMT. Check us out !


CONTENTS

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NATIONAL NEWS

NA amends Contempt of Court Act Appointment of chief justice challenged Senate passes Contempt Bill Scuffle breaks out in Supreme Court precincts LHC issues notice to govt. on 'blank papers' Nawaz wants Leghari to sign bill immediately SC frames charges against PM, others PML and allies decide to impeach president SC asks president not to sign bill President refuses to give his assent Parliament cannot summon CJ: Akram SC issues notice to govt. in 13th Amendment case Contempt case hearing adjourned till 28th Benazir vows to resist retrenchments Pir Mazhar sentenced to 5-year RI in land scam Kansi's signature on confession statement differs ---------------------------------

BUSINESS & ECONOMY

New policy to attract $5bn foreign investment Loan linked to approval of SEC by Parliament Power consumers forced to pay more PTCL signs accord with ICO Global Steel engg industry to get top priority Foreign investors return to rings, index up 62.29 points ---------------------------------------

EDITORIALS & FEATURES

They stand accused By Ardeshir Cowasjee Back to the brink By Irfan Husain A matter of commitment By M.B. Naqvi Before it is too late -----------

SPORTS

WI snatch back initiative from Pakistan Pakistan well placed after Inzamam's heroics Pakistan whip West Indies by an innings and 19 runs

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NATIONAL NEWS

971118 ------------------------------------------------------------------- NA amends Contempt of Court Act ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Ihtasham ul Haque ISLAMABAD, Nov. 17: The National Assembly adopted, with a majority vote, a bill that amended the Contempt of Court Act, 1976, by providing an intra-court appeal against the orders passed by the Supreme Court to a larger bench consisting of all the remaining available judges of the court within the country. The leader of the opposition Benazir Bhutto and a couple of other PPP MNAs opposed the bill. Just before the bill was put before the House for passage, the PPP members walked out in protest. They wanted to suggest some changes but the speaker ruled they could not do so because they had not formally moved their amendments to the bill. The bill was earlier approved by a special cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and was thoroughly discussed in a meeting of the PML and its allied parties. The purpose of the bill, the special cabinet meeting said, was to bring the provisions of the Contempt of Court Act, 1976, in conformity with the injunctions of Islam. The eminent constitutional expert, Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada, and a couple of other prominent lawyers are said to have been behind the preparation of the new bill to stop the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Syed Sajjad Ali Shah to take any final decision against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and others involved in the contempt of court case that was heard today and was adjourned for Tuesday. The bill passed by the National Assembly holds that an intra-court appeal shall lie against the issuance of the show-cause notice or an original order, including an interim order passed by a bench of the Supreme Court in any case, including a pending case, to a larger bench consisting of all the remaining available judges of the court in the country. It also provided that in the event the impugned show-cause notice or order has been passed by half or more of the judges of the Supreme Court, the matter shall, on the application of an aggrieved person, be put up for re-appraisal before the full court. The bill further provides that "the operation of the impugned show- cause notice or order shall remain suspended until the final disposal of the matter in the manner herein before provided...and ...(ii) after sub-section (3) the following new sub-section shall be added namely: "An intra-court appeal or application for re- appraisal shall be filed within thirty days from the date of show case notice or the order, as the case may be". DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Appointment of chief justice challenged ------------------------------------------------------------------- Saleem Shahid QUETTA, Nov. 18: The appointment of the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, was challenged in the Balochistan Bench of the Supreme Court. The validity of the chief justice's appointment was challenged in a petition filed by Munir Ahmad. The division bench of the Supreme Court, comprising Justice Nasir Aslam Zahid and Justice Khalilur Rehman, which heard the petition, referred it to the chief justice for placing the matter before the full court for consideration. The apex court bench in its order said: "After considering the submissions made, we are of the view that this matter requires urgent attention and decision by the full court. In the circumstances, it is directed that this file may be sent to Islamabad for being placed before the honorable chief justice for placing the matter before the full court." DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Senate passes Contempt Bill ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Correspondent ISLAMABAD, Nov. 18: The Senate passed the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Bill, 1997, with a voice vote amid a walkout by the opposition over misinterpretation" of the Supreme Court and Federal Shariat Court verdicts on the issue of right of appeal by Parliamentary Affairs Minister Yasin Wattoo. The bill was passed by a voice vote. The bill will now go before President Farooq Ahmed Khan Leghari for assent. The Leader of the Opposition in Senate, Aitzaz Ahsan, and deputy leader Raza Rabbani argued against the bill. Parliamentary Affairs Minister Mohammad Yasin Wattoo defended the bill, saying that it was in consonance with the verdicts passed by the Supreme Court, Federal Shariat Court and recommendations of the Islamic Ideology Council and provided right of appeal to aggrieved individuals and parties. He defended the summoning of the two Houses, saying that it fulfilled the Islamic requirements of consultation on important issues facing the nation. He justified the suspension of rules of business and procedures of the House to meet an emergency. He said while every forum provided a right of appeal to an aggrieved party, there was no such recourse in cases relating to the Supreme Court. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Scuffle breaks out in Supreme Court precincts ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, Nov. 18: Exchange of hot words between Privatization Commission Chairman Khwaja Mohammad Asif, PTV Managing Director Sen Pervaiz Rashid and Advocate Akram Sheikh led to a scuffle in the precincts of the Supreme Court when the contempt case against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his colleagues came up before the court for hearing. It all began with an exchange of light taunts between the old buddies when in the heat of the moment their tempers snapped and they started hurling abuses at each other. Khwaja Asif gave two punches on Akram Sheikh's face. This left a scar on his face. "Take the picture", a baffled Akram Sheikh shouted at a photographer standing nearby. Some lawyers intervened and saved Akram Sheikh, who later raised the issue inside the court and narrated the whole story. He said he had invited Khwaja Asif and others to join him at tea. Akram Sheikh said he called Khwaja Asif a corrupt banker and also admitted to hurling an obscenity. He said he had decided not to lodged any formal complaint with the police. He, however, called upon the Chief Justice to take note of the violation of the sanctity of court. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971120 ------------------------------------------------------------------- LHC issues notice to govt. on 'blank papers' ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Shujaat Ali Khan LAHORE, Nov. 19: The Lahore High Court issued notice to the federal government in an application alleging that "the prime minister may use blank papers he got signed by the PML parliamentarians for moving an impeachment resolution against the president". The application has been moved by Dr. Abdul Basit in a pending writ petition seeking that appointment of a permanent chief election commissioner by the president in his discretion. The petition, filed on behalf of the Lawyers' Front for the Protection of Constitution, says that the CEC will soon have to adjudicate disqualification references against the prime minister and certain ministers and it is in the propriety of things that a permanent CEC is appointed by the president under Article 213. The federal government is already claiming that an acting CEC appointed under Article 217 will, like an acting chief justice, not enjoy all the powers of his office, alleges the petition. The new application alleges that the PM got blank papers signed by his partymen in Parliament before the suspension of the anti- defection 14th amendment. An impeachment notice or resolution may now be typed on these blank papers. It seeks a restraint order against the PM and a direction for scrutiny of the notice and resolution to ascertain whether they have been freshly signed by the movers. Justice Malik Mohammad Qayyum, who is seized of the main petition, directed Deputy Attorney-General Khwaja Saeeduz Zafar to obtain instructions from the government on the latest application also and place them before the court on Nov. 21 when the main petition would also come up for hearing. According to Article 47 of the Constitution, notwithstanding anything contained in it the president may be removed from office on the ground of physical or mental incapacity or impeached on a charge of violating the Constitution or gross misconduct. Not less than one half of the total membership of either House may give to the speaker of the National Assembly or, as the case may be, to the chairman of the Senate a written notice of its intention to move a resolution for the removal or impeachment of the president. The notice shall set out the particulars of the charge against him or of his incapacity. If the notice is received by the Senate chairman, he shall immediately transmit it to the NA speaker, who shall cause a copy of it to be transmitted to the president within three days. The speakers shall then summon the two Houses to meet in a joint session not earlier than seven days and not later than 14 days after the receipt of the notice by him. The joint sitting may investigate or cause to be investigated the ground or the charge upon which the notice is based. The president shall have the right to appear and be represented during the investigation, if any, before the joint sitting. If, after consideration of the result of the investigation, if any, a resolution is passed at the joint sitting by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the total membership of Parliament declaring that the president is unfit to hold the office due to incapacity or is guilty of violating the Constitution or of gross misconduct, the president shall cease to hold office immediately on passing of the resolution. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971120 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Nawaz wants Leghari to sign bill immediately ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, Nov. 19: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif linked the prevailing uncertain situation to the delay by President Farooq Leghari in giving assent to the Contempt of Court Amendment Bill, and added that "with his signature, we will be able to end the crisis." He did not commit that the president had become a party but repeatedly urged Mr. Leghari to accord assent to the Contempt of Court Amendment Bill. Explaining the urgency of the president's assent to the Bill, the prime minister said: "I am facing a contempt case and the Contempt of Court Amendment Bill provides that if the Supreme Court decision goes against me (as it can go against any Pakistani), I should have the right of appeal as each Pakistani has. You know charges have been framed against me and we had passed the Bill so that we could go into appeal in the full court, if needed." Mr. Sharif did not elaborate what his party would do should the president not sign the amendment Bill which had been sent to Mr. Leghari. In his informal press talk, Mr. Sharif showed a veiled resentment against the president whose delay in signing the amendment Bill was further complicating the issues. The prime minister did not give any answer when asked if the assent to the Bill would end the confrontation between the two institutions (judiciary and executive). What he said was: "Parliament has its own powers and we are empowered to take our own decisions." The prime minister said the country was going through an extraordinary phase, the economy was under formidable threats, uncertainty was sitting heavy on everybody and the situation had become alarming. Asked if he had to go to jail, the prime minister replied: "I don't mind going to jail in the larger interest of the nation. Mr. Nawaz did not disclose the details of his meeting earlier in the day with the chief of the Army staff, Gen Jehangir Karamat, and said these meetings were also a part of the system. Asked why he was so anxious to get for himself the right of appeal while the anti-terrorism law, which parliament under him approved did not give such a right to the people, the PM said this right was guaranteed in the said law. He denied the government was contemplating any proposal to reduce the age-limit of the judges and also contradicted press reports that he had contacted on phone the Army chief while the COAS was in London. Asked if he thought there was a conspiracy against the system, the prime minister said: "What do you say on this?" He left it to the judgment of the people to decide whether it was a conspiracy because the nation was well aware of the whole situation. The prime minister deplored that the country was being pushed on the path of destruction as far as economy was concerned. He said billions of rupees were being wasted daily and the past few weeks had done the country the damage which would take long to recover. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971120 ------------------------------------------------------------------- SC frames charges against PM, others ------------------------------------------------------------------- Rafaqat Ali ISLAMABAD, Nov. 19: The Supreme Court chargesheeted Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and eleven other respondents, including seven legislators, for their alleged commission of contempt of court. The respondents would be required to either plead guilty or not guilty. The SC exempted the prime minister from personal appearance in the court. The chief justice said the court would summon the prime minister if required. All other respondents, including the law minister and chairman Privatization Commission, would be required to attend the court on every hearing. The court told the respondents that they had "committed contempt of court which is an offense falling within the purview of Article 204 (2)(b) of the Constitution and section 3 of the Contempt of Court Act, 1976, which is punishable under section 4 of the above-said Act and within the cognizance of this court. And we hereby direct that you be tried by us on the said charge." The court again turned down the request of the prime minister's counsel for dropping the proceedings against his client because of his personal appearance in the court. He further said that his client, who was the prime minister of the country, had offered his regrets "if his remarks had hurt any judge." All the respondents have been asked two questions: 1) Do you plead guilty? and 2) Do you have anything else to say? DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971121 ------------------------------------------------------------------- PML and allies decide to impeach president ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ihtashamul Haque ISLAMABAD, Nov. 20: The government decided to impeach the president following his refusal to give assent to the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Bill, but later chose to defer the move for a day. The decision to postpone the impeachment motion came after a cabinet session and separate meetings of Nawaz Sharif and his brother Shahbaz Sharif with Chief of the Army Staff Gen Jehangir Karamat. Official sources told Dawn the government had opted for a ceasefire till Friday evening. It was also decided not to discuss the summoning of the chief justice in the privileges committee. The chairman of the privileges committee had earlier convened the session for Thursday which, too, was postponed. A senior government spokesman told Dawn " things are moving towards resolution". He said the cabinet and the PML and its coalition partners had rejected the idea that the prime minister should step down and that some other party leader should be made leader of the house to avert the crisis. Nevertheless, the sources said the names of Lt.-Gen Majid Malik and Syed Fakhr Imam and Ishaq Dar were being discussed in case Mr. Sharif decided to step down. The role of President Leghari was also discussed during the meetings. The president is reported to have told both the chief ministers of Punjab and the NWFP that the government should not expect anything unconstitutional from him and that they were welcomed to move an impeachment motion against him. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif told reporters while going to preside over the parliamentary party meeting that he enjoyed full support of his MNAs and those of the allied parties and had been authorized to take any decision in the interest of the country. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971121 ------------------------------------------------------------------- SC asks president not to sign bill ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Correspondent ISLAMABAD, Nov. 20: The Supreme Court directed the president not to give his assent to the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Bill, 1997, until the petitions challenging the validity of the bill were disposed of by the apex court. The court also ordered that in case the president had given his assent to the bill before this court order at 10.45am on Thursday, the operation of the act would remain suspended until further order. The order was passed by the three-member bench comprising Chief Justice Sajjad Ali Shah, Justice Bashir Ahmed Jehangiri and Justice Mohammad Arif on the petitions of Naveed Malik, President of Pakistan Solidarity Front, and Syed Iqbal Haider. The court also issued notices to the president of Pakistan, Federation of Pakistan, attorney-general and the law secretary to explain their positions. The court after one-hour hearing ordered: "In the circumstances we deem it fit and proper to direct respondent No 1 (President of Pakistan) in Constitutional Petition No 43 of 1997 not to give assent, and if assent has already been given the operation of the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Act, 1997, is hereby suspended until further orders." Iftikhar Gillani, counsel for Naveed Malik, argued that the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Bill, 1997, was passed to save certain individuals facing contempt of court charges in the Supreme Court. He submitted that the impugned legislation was violative of Article 191 and item 55 of the Federal Legislative List. Article 191 gives the power to the chief justice to regulate the practice and procedure of the court. Item 55 of the Federal Legislative List reads as: "Jurisdiction and powers of all courts, except the Supreme Court, with respect to any of the matters in this list and, to such extent as is expressly authorized by or under the Constitution, the enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and the conferring thereon of supplemental powers." Mr. Gillani argued that item 5 of the Federal Legislative List clearly stated that parliament had no powers to curtail the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court and it could do legislation for enhancing its jurisdiction. Under the proposed law, he said, a convict and even an alleged contemner could file an appeal before the judges who were not members of the bench which was seized of the contempt matter, and mere filing of an appeal would result into automatic stay. Mr. Gillani further argued that the bill passed by the parliament ran counter to the administrative powers of the chief justice as envisaged in the rules and provisions of the Constitution. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971121 ------------------------------------------------------------------- President refuses to give his assent ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, Nov. 20: President Farooq Leghari refused to give his assent to the Contempt of Court (Amendment) Bill, 1997, saying it was beyond his powers after the Supreme Court passed an order restraining him from doing so. A three-member government team comprising Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, NWFP Chief Minister Sardar Mehtab Abbasi and Leader of the House in the Senate Raja Zafarul Haq, called on President Leghari and requested him to give his assent to the bill. However, according to informed sources, the president expressed his inability to sign the bill and said he did not intend to commit contempt by disobeying the Supreme Court. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971122 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Parliament cannot summon CJ: Akram ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Shujaat Ali Khan LAHORE, Nov. 21: Parliament has no power to summon any member of the superior judiciary, including the chief justice, for any reason or purpose under the Constitution of Pakistan, Supreme Court Bar Association outgoing President Muhammad Akram Sheikh said. Talking to Dawn on his return from Islamabad after a week of eventful Supreme Court proceedings, he said the position was entirely different under the Indian Constitution, which empowers parliament to impeach superior court judges. A judge guilty of misconduct in the eyes of the government in Pakistan can only be dealt with under Article 209, which provides for inquiry and adjudication by the Supreme Judicial Council. There is no corresponding provision in the Indian Constitution. But Indian parliament has used its power to impeach the superior court judges sparingly, probably only once. It was not exercised when Mrs. Indira Gandhi was unseated, or when certain constitutional amendments protecting her were declared ultra vires for being repugnant to the basic structure of the Indian Constitution, or even when corruption cases were started against leading parliamentarians. Mr. Akram Sheikh, who is appearing as amicus curiae in the contempt case against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, said Article 68 is quite categorical in prohibiting Parliament from even discussing the conduct of any judge. How can it summon a judge when it cannot even discuss his conduct in his absence. IMPEACHMENT MOVE: Mr. Akram Sheikh said the Supreme Court can stay an impeachment move against the president if it has no nexus with the grounds mentioned in the Constitution for the president's removal incapacity or gross misconduct. As in case of the repealed Article 58 (2) (b) envisaging the National Assembly dissolution by the president if the constitutional machinery breaks down, the superior courts can assume jurisdiction to examine whether the grounds mentioned in an impeachment notice or resolution have any nexus with the grounds mentioned in Article 47 of the Constitution, he said. Mr. Akram Sheikh affirmed that he always supported Article 58 (2) (b) and most other provisions of the Eighth Amendment as they provided for a system of checks and balances. The Supreme Court also upheld them as being in accord with the salient features of the Constitution Islam, democracy and federal parliamentary system. About the Supreme Court restraint order to the president, who has power to consider and return a questionable bill adopted by parliament within 30 days, Mr. Akram Sheikh said the court can intervene when a matter is patently outside the legislative competence of parliament. It is better to nip an illegality in the bud rather than waiting for it to mature before striking it down. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971122 ------------------------------------------------------------------- SC issues notice to govt in 13th Amendment case ------------------------------------------------------------------- Rafaqat Ali ISLAMABAD, Nov. 21: The Supreme Court started hearing of a constitutional petition challenging the validity of the 13th Amendment declined to suspend the operation of the Amendment, and adjourned it to Nov. 27. The court issued a notice to the federation of Pakistan, and the Attorney to appear on Nov. 27 to explain their position. Syed Iqbal Haider, contended that due to removal of the president's discretionary powers to dissolve the assembly, he was not powerful enough to play an effective role in resolving the constitutional crisis in the country. The PML and its allied parties demolished the constitutional structure in the name of massive mandate, he stated. Shehzad Jehangir, former attorney-general appeared on behalf of the petitioner said by depriving the president of his powers to dissolve the National Assembly under Article 58(2)(b), the present legislature exposed the country to threat of martial law. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971122 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Contempt case hearing adjourned till 28th ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Correspondent ISLAMABAD, Nov. 21: The Supreme Court adjourned the hearing of the contempt of court case against the prime minister and seven other legislators for one week. The court acceded to the request of the respondents and granted them more time for filing reply to the charges. The apex court will now take up the case on Nov. 28. The court also discharged the contempt notice against the secretary of the National Assembly as he had provided complete record, including expunged portions. "He has done the needful and notice is discharged against him", the court observed. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971116 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Benazir vows to resist retrenchments ------------------------------------------------------------------- Shamim ur Rehman KARACHI, Nov. 15: The Chairperson of the Pakistan People's Party, Ms Benazir Bhutto, accused Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of pursuing policies that would threaten the federation. Demanding immediate reinstatement of those who had been sacked from banks and other public sector organizations, she accused Mian Nawaz Sharif of entering into an agreement to deprive over 300,000 people of livelihood. She said influential loan defaulters, not workers, were responsible for banks' stringency. Ms Bhutto said she had presented a list of 500 bank defaulters in the National Assembly. "Instead of recovering the money from them, Mian Nawaz Sharif had resorted to anti-people policy of retrenchment and forced retirements under the pretext of downsizing and imposing tax on small agriculturists." She alleged that the prime minister was among leading bank defaulters. She also accused him of entering into a secret agreement to slash the strength of the armed forces. She demanded that IMF and the WB should "ask Nawaz Sharif to return public money" and withdraw taxes on small agriculturists. Ms Bhutto said during her two stints in the government she had provided jobs to many, but the government of Mian Nawaz Sharif had thrown them out. She alleged that Mian Nawaz Sharif was an "associate of those who killed workers of Colony Mill at Multan, removed employees of Wah Ordnance Factories and imposed a ban on trade union activities." Castigating the government, Ms Bhutto also dwelt on the price spiral and the law and order situation. The PPP chairperson said that unless the poor people of Pakistan felt secure and were assured of their livelihood, Pakistan would not make progress. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971121 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pir Mazhar sentenced to 5-year RI in land scam ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter KARACHI, Nov. 20: The Ehtesab Bench of the High Court of Sindh, sentenced Pir Mazharul Haq, a former provincial minister for housing and planning; ex-member of KDA Shah Mansoor Alam, and a beneficiary, Abdul Razzak, in a land conversion case, to five years RI and a fine of Rs 2 million each or in default of payment of fine another two-year imprisonment. Pir Mazhar is the general secretary of PPP, Sindh, and deputy opposition leader in the provincial assembly. According to the reference, Abdul Razzak had claimed that he was the occupant of an amenity plot, measuring 2,666.66 square yards, in Sector No ST-3, Sector 12/C, North Karachi township, and had applied to KDA on Aug 18,1993, for its regularisation. The director(Recoveries), KDA, in his note had opposed the regularisation on the ground that conversion of amenity plots into commercial, residential or industrial ones was strictly prohibited under the Sindh(Amendment) Act No XVII of 1974 and Clause 52 of the KDA Order No 5 of 1957. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Kansi's signature on confession statement differs ------------------------------------------------------------------- Shaheen Sehbai FAIRFAX, Virginia, Nov. 18: The local court which tried and sentenced Mir Aimal Kansi to death released the evidence in his case for the media and a cursory look establishes that the confession signed by Kansi was written by the FBI agents. The evidence, besides the confessional statement, included the AK- 47 gun, pistols and ammunition used in the CIA killings, pictures of the crime scene, reports of the specialists and scanning tests done on Kansi and copies of applications made by Kansi to buy firearms and seek asylum in the US. Interestingly, the documents reveal that Kansi's signatures on the confessional statement were totally different from what he normally signed on the asylum application or the forms he filled to buy the gun and two pistols. The statement, signed by Kansi on board the aircraft while on way from Pakistan to the US, was written by an FBI agent, in capital letters on two small lined papers. It was written in pure legal language and said: "I, Aimal Khan Kasi, also known as Mir Aimal Kansi, freely and voluntarily provide this statement to SA Bradley J. Garrett and SA Sean Joyce of the FBI. No threats or promises have been made to me. I can read, write and have a master's degree in English. "Approximately two-three days prior to the shooting outside CIA headquarters in January 1993, I purchased a AK-47 rifle and approx 150 rounds of AK-47 ammo. I also purchased two pistols at this time. On Monday 1-25-93 I drove my Isuzu pick-up truck to the entrance road off of HW123 in Fairfax Co VA. I had with me the purchased AK-47 and several magazines of ammo. I parked my truck in the right lane of 2 left lanes that turn into CIA headquarters. I got out of my vehicle I started shooting into vehicles stopped at a red light. I shot approximately 10 rounds shooting 5 people. I aimed for the chest area of the people shot. I then returned to my truck & drove back to my apartment in Herndon, VA after stopping at a park approx. 1 mile from the shooting. The next day I returned to Pakistan. This statement is accurate and correct. Also several days before the shooting I decided to do the shooting at the CIA or the Israeli Embassy but decided to shoot at the CIA because it was easier because CIA officers are not armed." X signed Aimal Kasi, 6-17-97 Witness: SA signed Bradley Garrett, FBI, 6-17-97 SA S. M. Joyce, FBI, 6/17/97 The signatures of Kansi on this statement read Aimal Kasi while in all other papers which he signed on his own free will, he has written Mir Aimal. The confession was admitted as evidence in the case, despite objections by the defence but later when the defence could have pointed out the discrepancies, they never mounted any defence for Kansi and concentrated only on the post-guilty phase to try to save him from death penalty, which they ultimately could not.

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BUSINESS & ECONOMY

971122 ------------------------------------------------------------------- New policy to attract $5bn foreign investment ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ihtashamul Haque ISLAMABAD, Nov. 21: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced a comprehensive new investment policy which is expected to attract five billion dollar foreign investment during the next three years. One of the major features of the new investment policy is that the customs duty has totally been abolished on the import of plant, machinery and equipment not manufactured locally. The prime minister also promised to accept some of the suggestions given by the businessmen and said that the new policy will be made effective in one week time after having incorporated these proposals. SALIENT FEATURES: The premier said," the essence of the policy is to keep Pakistan attractive in international investment market by improving the policy regime, offering fiscal and tariff relief and through providing procedural and social facilitation". Special attention has been given to the development of human capital and the base for quality services. It is pertinent to mention that the measures have been proposed in comparison with other Asian countries and considering macro-economic scenario of the country. The policy comprises three sections, i.e. a) Policies, b) Incentives, and c) Facilitation. The foreign direct investment in Pakistan until now has been limited to the manufacturing sector under which the following policy incentives were available: - Foreign exchange controls had been relaxed. - Foreign investors had been allowed participation in local projects on 100% equity basis. - There was no compulsion for a limited company to offer shares to the public even if its paid-up capital exceeded Rs100 million. - Full safeguards had been provided to protect foreign investment. - There was no requirement of having local partners and full repatriation of capital, capital gains and dividend was allowed. - Ceilings on payment of royalties and technical fee had been abolished. - Work permit restrictions on expatriate managers and technical personnel working in an industrial undertaking had been withdrawn and remittance restrictions had been eased. - No government sanction was required for setting up an industry in any field, place and size, except for the following four industries:- Arms and ammunitions; - High explosive; - Radioactive substances; - Security printing, currency and mint. - There was no requirement for obtaining No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the provincial government for locating the project anywhere in the country except the areas which were notified as negative. - In the new investment policy the manufacturing sector has been prioritized in four categories; A. Value-added or export industry: All those units which can attain a minimum of 40% value-addition will be taken as value-added units and all those industries which can export 80% of their production will be treated as export industry. B. Hi-tech; C. Priority industry; and D. Agro-based industry. These categories will be liable to change as a result of the review of Cabinet Committee on Investment (CCOI) as and when deemed necessary. The industries falling under categories A&B, e.g. leather, textile, footwear, surgical, sports goods, carpets, electronic, sea food industry, mining, powder metallurgical industry and manufacture of alloys and stainless steel, information technology, solar technology, aerospace and defence production etc. will get First Year Allowance (FYA) on capital expenditure/investment @ 90% and Re-investment Allowance (RA) @ 50% of capital/investment will also be admissible in balancing, modernization, replacing and expansion. The net effect of these allowances will be that profits will not be taxable until the capital expenditure has been recovered. The industries falling under categories C&D, which cover main areas of engineering/capital goods, petro-chemicals, chemicals, production of quality/hybrid seeds, edible oil extraction/refinery, live stock/poultry feed, milk processing, agri-based value-added productions etc. will be entitled to First Year Allowance (FYA) @ 75%. Similarly, these industries will also be entitled to re- investment allowance @ 50%.In case of all other industries, which do not fall under the four categories, accelerated depreciation allowance at an enhanced rate of 50% will be allowed. AGRICULTURE SECTOR: "In the agriculture sector, it gives me great pleasure to announce that the import tariff on plant and machinery (not manufactured locally) used for agriculture will be zero rated", the premier said. List of specific machinery and equipment will, however, be notified later. Other incentives granted under this sector will be: - In line with the reforms announced in agriculture package, there will be no upper ceiling of land for registered companies which are involved in production, processing and marketing of agricultural products on commercial lines. However, the income of these companies would be taxable. - The proposals related to foreign investment in agriculture sector will be processed by the BOI in consultation with the respective provincial government and will be approved by the competent decision making forum. - The land for agriculture purpose will be available on leases for long periods, i.e. initially up to 30 years, extendable for a further period of 20 years. - Foreign company, interested in investment in agriculture sector, will not be allowed to transfer or sell such land to any other foreign company unless specifically permitted by the federal and the concerned provincial government. - The amount of foreign equity investment will be at the level of at least US dollar 1 million. - The minimum 40% of the equity will be held by Pakistani company or individuals in such projects. The activities permissible under the agriculture sector will be: Land development/reclamation of barren, desert and hilly land for agriculture purpose and crops farming; reclamation of water front areas/creeks; crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers farming/integrated agriculture (cultivation and processing of crops); modernization & development of irrigation facilities/water management; plantation/forestry and horticulture. The activities in the service sector available for foreign investment will be: - Wholesale, distribution and retail trade; transportation, storage and communications/infrastructure projects, including development of industrial zones: deregulated services in telecommunication sector, real estate development, including development of commercial buildings, apartment buildings, housing projects, super markets, shopping malls, urban development, development of new communities hotels, tourism and travel-related services; technical testing facilities; audio-visual services; sporting and other recreation services; rental/leasing services relating to transport equipment and machinery, equipment and tools for land development & agriculture purpose; Environmental Services. In the service sector the government has decided that: - The amount of foreign equity investment will be at the level of at least US Dollar 1 million. - A minimum 40% of the equity will be held by Pakistani company or investors in the company or project. - The import tariff on plant, machinery & equipment (not manufactured locally) will be leviable at standard rate of 10% and no sales tax shall be leviable. - Unless title of property is transferred in the name of foreign company, it may not develop real estate projects. - Inter-provincial regulatory authority will be established at federal level to regulate and monitor the land and real estate development by foreign companies. - Condition of induction of Pakistani equity as 40% of the total equity will not be applicable in case of hotels & tourism; Infrastructure and telecommunication projects, including development of industrial zones; and export & import trade (except domestic retail trading and distribution). - In the social sector, 100% foreign investment on repatriable basis will be allowed in education, technical and vocational training, human resource development as well as hospitals & medical/diagnostic services, provided the equity investment is at least US dollar 1 million. - The import tariff on plant, machinery & equipment (not manufactured locally) will be leviable at standard rate of 10% and no sales tax shall be leviable. The prime minister announced that to encourage the investors to re- invest their earnings by expanding the existing manufacturing facilities and improving the technology or diversifying the product line, re-investment allowance (RA) 50% of capital expenditure/investment will be allowed in case of balancing, modernization & replacement and expansion. Similarly, he said, to encourage the establishment of small and medium industries (SMIs),industrial sheds, structures/constructed and sold/leased to SMIs will be granted an enhanced depreciation allowance @ 30% (in first year) of the cost which has been incurred on the development of these sheds/structures. The prime minister also announced certain "facilitation" decisions in order to provide support services and utilities under one umbrella and to remove other procedural, operational and social bottlenecks. A composite scheme of national industrial zones (NIZs) engulfing industrial estates, free industrial zones, free trade zone and export oriented units within the areas of its boundary, will be launched at a few selected prime sites. Export-oriented units will however be allowed to be set up all over the country. The unit will undertake production and operation in bonded factory under customs control. The scheme focuses on efficient industrialization and development with export-led strategy in a contiguous, congenial investor-friendly-environment. It will promote local and foreign investment through invigorating the participation of private sector in development of the zones and provision of incentives, facilities and one window service by the government to support the investors in establishment and operation of their projects. Infrastructure within the zone will be developed by the private sector investors. Development, management and marketing of industrial estates/free industrial zones and free trade zones will be offered to local and foreign investors. Provision of infrastructure and utility facilities up to the zone will be the responsibility either of relevant agencies of the government or the developer/investor. The premier said, the industry specific tariff and fiscal incentives and other concessions as provided in the new investment policy will be available to the projects to be located in these zones. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971120 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Loan linked to approval of SEC by Parliament ------------------------------------------------------------------- Bureau Report ISLAMABAD, Nov. 19: The Asian Development Bank (ADB) would offer 500 million dollars for modernizing capital market, and improving social sectors in the country. "The ADB plans to extend 250 million dollars loan for introducing market reform program on the pattern of ESAF of the IMF", disclosed Mr. Geert Van Der Linden, the local chief of the ADB. Talking to Dawn on Wednesday, he however, pointed out that the first tranche of the market development fund would not be offered unless the government got an approval from the Parliament for the setting of the Security and Exchange Commission. He said another 250 million dollars will be made available to Pakistan for undertaking development projects. "Both the programs will be started in 1998 about which a broad understanding has been reached between the ADB and the Government of Pakistan". Giving the details, Mr. Linden said that the market development loan would stimulate the stock market and help modernize the system. Discussing 250 million dollar project loan, he said that social sectors specially women education, non-formal education, rural development and a pilot irrigation scheme in Punjab will be supported. In addition, Mr. Linden said, the ADB was considering to offer 250 million dollars for trade and export promotion of Pakistan. The package, he pointed out, also included training of the people. Responding to a question, the ADB chief said that there were large number of conditionalities attached to loan packages. He said that further reduction of tariffs was also one of the conditions. It was also one of the conditionalities, he pointed out, that Mutual Fund Schemes should be operated in the capital market like that of the insurance companies. Asked about the problems, Mr. Linden said that since Pakistan was facing financial difficulties, it has not been able to arrange counterpart funding in the execution of development projects. He said that the ADB wanted certain provisions in the Public Sector Development Program (PSDP) to protect development program and projects. He said that ADB was providing 300 million dollars separately for Ghazi Brotha which will cost 2 billion dollars. He said that beside ADB, the World Bank would provide 350 million dollars, 350 million dollars by the OECF of Japan, 150 million dollars by KFD of Germany and 70 million dollars by the Islamic Development Bank for Ghazi Brotha. He was of the view that Pakistan should arrange counterpart funding for this project as well as for other 52 projects so that they could be completed in time. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971117 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Power consumers forced to pay more ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Sultan Ahmed WITH a crushing current deficit of Rs 30 billion, a ban from the prime minister on raising the power tariff despite the rising cost of power production and distribution and the heavy debts it has to repay or service, WAPDA, the proverbial white elephant of Pakistan is in an agonizing quandary. However, instead of raising the tariff, as it has always tended to do in such circumstances, WAPDA and the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC) are coming up with devious new means to make the hard-pressed consumers pay more. If the KESC earlier increased the security deposit substantially and then the fee for new connection steeply, WAPDA is to come up with enhanced monthly meter charges and earn Rs 3,000 million through the latest measure. When members of the National Assembly protested against such increases in charges after the prime minister's categorical assurance in the Assembly that power rates would not be raised, minister for water and power Raja Nadir Pervez said the government had no other option when consumers did not pay their bills, and WAPDA could not recover the outstanding amounts even after disconnection. He also told the NA that WAPDA sustained a loss of Rs 3.94 billion as a result of 6,73,000 consumers not paying their bills. As a result of the WAPDA's large deficit it has not been able to repay the large temporary loans taken from the government and the gas bills of Pakistan Petroleum Ltd., Sui Northern and Sui Southern Gas and the PSO's huge oil bills, and the amount it owes to multinational companies like Siemens for the equipment it got from it. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971118 ------------------------------------------------------------------- PTCL signs accord with ICO Global ------------------------------------------------------------------- Ihtashamul Haque ISLAMABAD, Nov. 17: Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) has entered into an agreement with the Britain based ICO Global Communications Limited for investing 21 million dollars to offer the latest satellite communication services including local cellular operations in Pakistan. This signed the agreement will enable PTCL to become a wholesale distributor of the ICO services throughout the country. Mr. Nasim Mirza told reporters that the PTCL's 21 million dollar investment into ICO global communications will help achieve the objective of expanding its satellite network both in and outside the country. He did not rule out the possibility of entering into a similar agreements with some of the other reputed international companies. Responding to a question, the ICO chief said that his company will provide cellular telephone facilities by June 2000. He said that the PTCL will be provided advanced technologies to compete with other cellular companies operating in Pakistan. Asked about the tariffs, he assured that they would be quite competitive and would be acceptable to the users because of being comparatively cheap. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Steel engg industry to get top priority ------------------------------------------------------------------- M. Ziauddin ISLAMABAD, Nov. 18: The government has finalized a medium term industrial policy granting the highest priority to the steel based engineering goods industry. Cotton textiles and high-tech industries have been accorded the second and third place in the three-point priority list of the proposed new industrial policy. In addition, the small and medium enterprises have been given a special importance in the new policy. The new policy proposes the following incentives/concessions to further boost the industrial investment activities in the country: a. Machinery imported by sick units which is not manufactured locally will be allowed at zero rate of duty; b. Machinery imported for BMR by textile units and not manufactured locally may be given 50 per cent exemption in the normal rate of duty; c. The engineering sector will be treated at par with export units for the sake of import of raw material and tax credit; d. Industry specific incentives may be developed for resource base industries in the backward/less developed areas. Appropriate tariff and other policies will be developed in order to achieve sustained growth and expand the engineering sector. High- tech industries like software industry and manufacture of solar energy equipment and electronic industry will be given priority and special encouragement. The new industrial policy aims at achieving a growth rate of 7.2 per cent in the manufacturing sector during the current financial year which will be gradually increased to double digit. The growth in the large-scale manufacturing is projected to grow at the rate of 6.5 per cent during the current year and thereafter to around 7 per cent. The growth in the small scale manufacturing is projected at 8.4 per cent keeping in view the past performance of this sector during the last many years. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971122 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Foreign investors return to rings, index up 62.29 points ------------------------------------------------------------------- Staff Reporter KARACHI, Nov. 21: Foreign investors were back in the rings and made massive covering purchases in the current favorites, pushing the KSE index up 3.69 per cent or 62.29 points at 1,750.08. The market capitalization swelled by Rs 16 billion at Rs 533.010 billion after hitting the six-month low of Rs 517.461 billion. Bulk of buying was confined to four leading foreign MNCs, notably Hub- Power and ICI Pakistan, which together accounted for about 55 million shares of the total volume of 89 million shares, followed by PTCL, which rose by Rs 1.95 on 22 million shares. Both Hub-Power and PTCL, which hold 42 per cent weightage in the KSE index, were up by Rs 2.45 and Rs 1.95, followed by other leading shares such as ICP SEMF, Bank Al-Habib, MCB, Adamjee Insurance, Fauji Fertilizer and some others. The biggest gains were noted in PIC, which rose by Rs 75, followed by Engro Chemicals and Shell Pakistan, posting gains ranging from Rs 12.70 to Rs 27 respectively. PSO, however, did not follow the market's general line of action and did fresh selling, falling sharply lower by Rs 10.15, followed by Bata, Honda Atlas Cars and EFU Insurance. Traded volume rose to 89 million shares from the previous 69 million shares. Out of the 147 actives, 74 shares finished partly recovered, 38 fell with 35 holding on to the last levels. The most active list was topped by Hub-Power, up Rs 2.45 on 34.464 million shares, followed by PTCL, higher Rs 1.95 on 21.870 million shares, ICI Pakistan, up Rs 1.90 on 21.824 million shares, FFC- Jordan Fertilizer, firm 75 paisa on 2.241 million shares, and Southern Electric, steady 35 paisa on 1.431 million shares. The other actively traded shares were led by Fauji Fertilizer, up Rs 1.50 on 1.345 million shares, followed by Japan Power, firm 35 paisa on 0.831 million shares, Kohinoor Energy, firm five paisa on 0.491 million shares, Dhan Fibre, unchanged at 0.0573 million shares, Sui Southern, up 65 paisa on 0.375 million shares, and Sui Northern, higher 55 paisa on 0.372 million shares. There were some other notable deals also. DEFAULTING COMPANIES: Crescent Spinning came in for stray support and was marked up by 10 paisa at Rs 6.00 on 1,000 shares. DIVIDEND: Bawany Air Products, bonus shares 20 per cent, Haroon Oils, cash 32.5 per cent, and Indus Polyester, nil. ------------------------------------------------------------------- SUBSCRIBE TO HERALD TODAY ! ------------------------------------------------------------------- Every month the Herald captures the issues, the pace and the action, shaping events across Pakistan's lively, fast-moving current affairs spectrum. Subscribe to Herald and get the whole story. Annual Subscription Rates : Latin America & Caribbean US$ 93 Rs. 2,700 North America & Australasia US$ 93 Rs. 2,700 Africa, East Asia Europe & UK US$ 63 Rs. 1,824 Middle East, Indian Sub-Continent & CAS US$ 63 Rs. 1,824 Please send the following information : Payments (payable to Herald) can be by crossed cheque (for Pakistani Rupees), or by demand draft drawn on a bank in New York, NY (for US Dollars). Name, Postal Address, Telephone, Fax, e-mail address, old subscription number (where applicable). 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EDITORIALS & FEATURES

971116 ------------------------------------------------------------------- They stand accused ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Ardeshir Cowasjee IN THE first quarter of this year, the 140 million people of Pakistan elected 205 from amongst themselves to represent them in their National Assembly. These parliamentarians and those of the provincial assemblies then voted in 87 Senators. All these representatives are constitutionally bound to protect our lives, safeguard our liberty and ensure our right to the pursuit of happiness. On our parliamentary benches sit three former judges, retired military officers, innumerable Syeds, one Syeda, a handful of Sardars and Mirs, a couple of Nawabs, assorted Pirs, a flock of Chaudhris, a Raja or two, a score or more Hajis, revered Maulanas and Moulvis, a few Lawyers and Doctors, a Bishop, an Engineer, a retired Major General, a Master Mariner, well over a hundred Misters, three Mrs, one Begum, one Miss and our Mohtarama. In the National Assembly we have : Pakistan Muslim League: Abdul Ghafoor, Abdul Hameed, Abdul Majeed Malik, Abdul Manan, Abdul Sattar, Abdul Sattar Laleka, Abdul Waheed, Abida Hussain, Adnan Aurangzeb, Adnan Hayat Khan Noon, Aftab Ahmad, Aftab Ahmed Khan Daha, Afzal Hussain Tarar, Ahmed Mahmood, Ahmed Nawaz Khan, Ahsan Iqbal Chaudhary, Amanullah Khan Sial, Amir Hussain, Anwar Ali Cheema, Anwarul Haq Ramay, Asadur Rehman, Asghar Ali Shah, Atif Ali Sanjrani, Atta Muhammad Qureshi, Aurangzeb, Ejaz Ahmed, Ejaz Shafi, Faizul Hassan, Fakhar Imam, Faridullah Khan Jamali, Farooq Anwar Abbasi, Fida Muhammad Khan, Ghaus Bux Khan Mehr, Ghias Ahmad Mela, Ghous Ali Shah, Ghulam Abbas, Ghulam Dastgir Khan, Ghulam Haider Rind, Ghulam Muhammad Noor Rabani Khar, Ghulam Qasim Khan, Ghulam Sarwar Cheema, Gohar Ayub Khan, Haleem Ahmed Siddiqui, Hamza, Humayun Akhtar Khan, Iftikharul Hassan Shah, Illahi Bukhsh Soomro, Makhdoom Immad-ud- Din, Inamullah Khan Niazi, Inayat Khan, Iqbal Mehdi, Jamil Ahmad Hussain Bokhari, Javed Ali Shah, Javed Ibrahim Piracha, Kamil Ali Agha, Kamil Omar, Khurshid Mahmood Kasuri, Lal Khan, Mahmood Akbar Khan, Mahmood Bashir Virk, Mahmud Ahmed Khan, Majeeda Wyne, Mansab Ali Khan, Mansoor Hayat Tamman, Manzoor Hussain Shah, Jam Mashooq Ali, Shahzada Mohiuddin, Maulana Moinuddin Lakhvi, Mubasher Hussain, Muhammad Afzal Khan, Akram Ansari, Amjad Farooq, Aqueelur Rahman, Ashiq Dayal, Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Azhar, Berjees Tahir, Muhammad Boota, Muhammad Farooq, Muhammad Hanif Khan, Muhammad Hayat Khan, Ijaz-ul-Haq, Iqbal Bosal, Ishaq Dar. Muhammad Jaffar Iqbal, Javed Hashmi, Kabir Khan, Muhammad Khan, Khurshid Zaman, Maqbool Ahmad Khan Niazi, Muhammad Munir, Muhammad Nawaz Alai, Muhammad Nawaz Khan alias Dilawar Khan Khichi, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, Pervaiz Malik, Maulana Muhammad Rehmatullah, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Siddique Khan Kanju, Muhammad Tahir Rashid, Muhammad Tahir Sultan, Yaqub Khan Nasir, Yasin Khan Wattoo, Muhammad Yousuf, Jam Muhammad Yousuf, Zarafullah Khan Dhandla, Muhammad Zaman, Mumtaz Ahmed Tarar, Nadir Pervaiz Khan, Naeem Hussain Chattha, Nasir Ali Khan Baluch, Nasir Khan, Nazir Ahmed Khan, Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, Noor Muhammad Ghirfari, Pir Noor Muhammad Shah Jillani, Qaisar Ali Khan, Sheikh Rashid Ahmed, Safdar Rahman, Sajjad Haider, Nawab Salahuddin Abbasi, Rai Salahuddin, Salahuddin Saeed, Shabbir Ahmad Shah, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, Shahid Mehdi Nasim, Shahid Saeed Khan, Shaukat Hussain Shah, Sher Ali, Shuja Muhammad Khan Baloch, Shujat Ali Khan, Chaudhry Shujat Hussain, Sikandar Hayat Khan Bosan, Sikandar Hayat Malhi, Tehmina Daultana, Tanveer Hussain, Tariq Aziz, Umar Farooq Khan, Umar Aslam Awan, Zafar Ali Shah, Zahid Tauseef. Pakistan People's Party: Abdul Sattar Leghari, Pir Aftab Hussain Shah Jilani, Aftab Shahban Mirani, Ahmed Karim Dad Baloch, Ali Muhammad Khan Mahar, Ali Nawaz Shah, Benazir Bhutto, Pir Fazal Ali Shah Jeelani, Fehmida Mirza, Baboo Ghulam Hussain, Khalid Ahmed Lund, Khurshed Ahmed Shah, Makhdoom Amin Faheem, Muhammad Bux Jamali, Naveed Qamar, Nusrat Bhutto, Shabir Ahmed Khan Chandio, Shafqat Hussain Shah Sheerani. Haq Parast Group: Ajaz Mahmood, A K Shams, Babar Khan Ghori, Hasan Musanna Alvi, Khalid Maqbool Siddiqui, Kunwar Khalid Yunus, Liaquat Hussain, Muhammad Arif Khan, Farrukh Naeem Siddiqui, Muhammad Farooq Ahmed, Nishat Mallick, Tariq Jawaid. Awami National Party: Abdul Matin Khan, Asfandyar Wali, Ghulam Ahmed Bilour, Muhammad Azam Khan Hoti, Arbab Muhammad Jehangir Khan, Nasimur Rahman, Haji Rehmanullah, Arbab Saadullah Khan, Shamsur Rahman Khattak, Wali Muhammad Khan. Balochistan National Party: Hasil Khan Bizenjo, Sanaullah Baloch, Shakeel Ahmad. Jamhoori Watan Party: Nawab Muhammad Akbar Shahbaz Khan Bugti, Sardar Yar Muhammad Rind. Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam: Maulana Abdul Ghani, Maulana Muhammad Khan Sheerani. National People's Party: Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi. Pakistan People's Party - Shaheed Bhutto Group: Mir Hazar Khan Bijarani. Independent: Abdul Lateef Afridi, Baroz Khan, Bashiruddin Khalid, Bazgul Afridi, Rana Chandar Singh, Danyal Aziz, Arbab Ghulam Rahim, Peter John Sahotra, Khatu Mal Jewan, Kirshan Bheel, Kishan Chand Parwani, Lal Karim, Khan Muhammad Asghar Khan, Maulana Muhammad Dindar, Jaffar Khan Leghari, Nasrullah Khan Dreshak, Maulana Noor Muhammad, Peer Bakhsh Junejo, Pir Bux Khaskehili, Qaiser Ahmad Shaikh, Rufin Julius, Said Munir Sayed, Simon Jacob, Tariq Qaiser, Yezdiar Kaikobad, Zarin Khan Mangal. And in the Senate: Pakistan Muslim League: Farooq Ahmad Khan, Sardar Mansoor Ahmed Khan Leghari, Mushahid Hussain, Parvaiz Rashid, Saifur Rehman Khan, Justice Javaid Iqbal, Muhammad Rafiq Tarar, Anwar Bhinder, Khalid Anwer, Justice Afzal Lone, Raja Zafarul Haq, Wasim Sajjad, Majid Sultan, Khwaja Quttubuddin, Aijaz Ali Khan Jatoi, Javed Iqbal Abbasi, Sar Anjam, Malik Abdur Rauf, Nisar Muahmmad Khan, Khan Abbas Sarfaraz, Anwar Kamal Khan Marwat, Iqbal Zafar Jhagra, Sartaj Aziz, Subedar Khan Mandokhel, Zarif Khan Mandokhel, Abdus Samad Dogar, Akram Zaki, Raja Aurangzeb. Pakistan People's Party: Aitezaz Ahsan, Ihsanul Haq Piracha, Jehangir Badar, Rafiq Ahmed Shaikh, Raza Rabbani, Shah Nawaz Khan, Ali Nawaz Shah, Ghulam Qadir Chandio, Hussain Shah Rashdi, Asif Ali Zardari, Qaim Ali Shah, Iqbal Haider, Taj Haider, Safdar Ali Abbasi, Waqar Ahmad Khan, Masood Kausar, Qasim Shah, Saifullah Khan Paracha, Shafqat Mahmood. Awami National Party: Ilyas Ahmed Bilour, Ajmal Khan Khattak, Muhammad Zahid Khan, Bashir Ahmad, Major Mukhtar Ahmad Khan, Aqil Shah, Qazi Muhammad Anwar. Baloch National Party: Tahir Bizenjo, Muhammad Javed Mengal, Sardar Sanaullah Zehri, Muhammad Hussain Waja, Habib Jalib Baluch. Haq Parast Group: Jamiluddin Aali, Mustapha Kamal Rizvi, Nasreen Jalil, Ajmal Hussain Dehlvi. Jamhoori Watan Party: Mir Humayun Khan Marri, Muhammad Zafar, Muhammad Anwar Khan Durrani. Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam: Hafiz Fazal Mohammad, Muhammad Ismail Buledi. JUP(N) & PML(N): Maulana Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi. Pakistan Muslim League (J): Fizza Kaniz Junejo. Pakistan Muslim League (F): Islamuddin Shaikh. JH: Professor Sajid Mir. Haq Parast Group: Aftab Ahmed Shaikh. PMAP: Akram Shah Khan. BNM: Dr Abdul Hayee. Independent: Muhammad Jawad, Mir Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Abdul Rahman, Gul Sher Khan, Haji Gul Afridi, Haji Sakhi Jan, Moulvi Sayed Ameer Khan, Muhammad Shah Afridi, Dilawar Khan, Abid Hussain Al-Hassaini. At the end of June these representatives, en masse, decided that they would amend the Constitution in the hope that the amendment would keep them in office for as long as it takes. In the process, they agreed to voluntarily restrict their freedom of expression and their freedom of dissent (and consequently ours). The motive of the amendment: the further and more foolproof use of public office for personal gain and good. On June 30, in the Senate the rules of procedure were suspended, i.e. that a Bill, when introduced, is referred to the relevant standing committee which is given thirty days within which to submit its report, with changes and recommendations, if any, to each legislator within seven days of its finalization. Thereafter, two clear days must elapse before it can be sent down for a motion. The Bill went through like a shot, passed in less than a day, without one single protest or dissent being recorded. On July 1, the Bill was presented to the National Assembly. Again rules of procedure were suspended, and the Bill was passed immediately, again without one single protest or dissent. It went up to the President, on July 3 he put his signature to the Bill, and the Fourteenth Amendment Act of 1997 came into force. Its purpose is to prevent defections from political parties, aka lotaism. But, a member of a parliamentary party will not only be deemed to have defected if he in actual fact defects, but also if he breaches any declared or undeclared party discipline, code of conduct or policies, or if he votes contrary to any direction issued by his parliamentary party, or if he abstains from voting, as instructed by his party, on any Bill. The prosecutor, defence counsel, judge and jury who will decide the member's fate is the head of the party, whose decision is not justiciable in any court of law. Ironically, on July 4, American Independence Day, our freely and fairly elected representatives stood accused of having voluntarily forfeited their right to represent their constituents and stood stripped of their mandate. On October 29, hearing two constitutional petitions, filed by two citizens of Pakistan, challenging the 14th Amendment. Chief Justice of Pakistan Sajjad Ali Shah and his brother judges Mukhtar Ahmed Junejo and Mohammed Bashir Jehangiri were pleased to pass an interim order and suspend the operation of the Amendment. No action shall be allowed to be taken against any member, under this Amendment, until the petitions are finally disposed of. If our parliamentarians do not wish to be ostracized, they should pass an act repealing the Fourteenth Amendment without any further procrastination, thereby rendering the petitions in the Supreme Court infructuous. By doing so they may yet be able to redeem the honour and respectability they are still left with. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971122 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Back to the brink ------------------------------------------------------------------- By Irfan Husain JUST when you think we can't sink any deeper into the mire, you can count on our leaders to plunge another fathom or two. To date, they haven't been able to touch bottom, although it hasn't been for lack of trying. Events these last few weeks have been moving at a speed resembling a Greek tragedy seen on fast forward. Every day, we are given fresh intimations of this government's mortality, and every day, we discover yet again our leaders' limited mental powers. The entire country is aghast that such trivial issues could be blown into a full-fledged constitutional crisis of proportions we cannot yet assess. The prime minister himself is on record as saying that the country is losing billions every day as a result of the unending uncertainty we face. One of his ministers puts the figure as high as ten billion. Apart from the financial impact of the clash of the titans, Nawaz Sharif's moral authority to rule has been seriously eroded. In addition, the country has (yet again) become a laughingstock in the comity of nations. It is hard to get somebody like the American secretary of state to take you seriously when you don't know if you are going to be thrown out of office tomorrow. As the implications of the confrontation became clearer, there was much shifting of blame away from the prime minister to his advisers. Calculated, off-the-record suggestions started appearing in the papers to the effect that heads would roll among the PM's legal team. But those projecting this line did not dwell on the fact that it was Nawaz Sharif who appointed his advisers and ministers in the first place, and then accepted their advice. I may be wrong, but I think it was Theodore Roosevelt who put a small sign on his desk at the White House saying: "The Buck Stops Here." In Pakistan, a more appropriate slogan for our chief executive would be: "The Buck Stops Here, There and Everywhere." Nobody is willing to accept responsibility for his mistakes. It is always somebody else's fault. Often it is an international conspiracy, and every now and then, there is a "hidden hand." Whenever one of our leaders blunders not a rare occurrence he or she immediately points a finger at somebody else. In a recent interview, Nawaz Sharif told a reporter that "they" were out to get him, just as they had in 1993. Unfortunately, the reporter didn't ask the obvious question: Why did the PM start a totally unnecessary confrontation in the first place? Three years ago, he took on the president and the COAS; this time around he has taken on the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Both crises were suicidal and self-created. Similarly, Benazir Bhutto blames the media for her downfall. She does not stop to think that it was she and her husband who gave the press so much to speculate and comment on. Had she run an honest and competent government, she would still have been prime minister. Two decades ago, her late father, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, blamed the Americans for toppling him. Till the very end, he did not see that the charge of election rigging had supplied his opponents the impetus to destabilize his government. Pakistani politics is replete with examples of this unbending attitude. Our inability to admit a mistake and apologize is a national characteristic. Whether we are behind the steering wheel or behind an office desk, we are congenitally incapable of publicly acknowledging our fault. Thus, we have convinced ourselves that somebody else is to blame. We do not learn from our mistakes and go on repeating them. This has happened twice with Benazir Bhutto, and Nawaz Sharif is in real danger of following in her less than illustrious footsteps. This preoccupation with saving face or keeping the mustache unbowed and the nose intact has hamstrung our efforts to develop and evolve as a society. Whether a tribal chief, a feudal lord, an industrialist, a bureaucrat or a politician, all Pakistanis suffer from this fatal macho outlook. The result is a constant search for scapegoats, and a steadfast refusal to accept responsibility for any wrongdoing. This attitude ensures that there will be no improvement in any field as everybody manages to convince himself that he was absolutely right and somebody else committed the mistake. Another attitude that has led us to our present sorry state is the difficulty our leaders have in comprehending the alien concepts of power-sharing and checks and balances. These are at the heart of any working democracy, but are beyond the grasp of our politicians. In backward societies like ours which make a show of following democratic traditions, this is a real problem. The model of leadership Pakistani politicians have before them is the Moghul dynasty with its code of unquestioned authority. Even superficially, well-educated people like Benazir Bhutto cannot bear to share power to the extent that for nearly three years she refused to appoint a finance minister, preferring to hold this crucial portfolio herself. Although politicians have reluctantly learned to acknowledge the army's clout acquired largely because of their own incompetence they are loath to share power with the other pillars of democracy. Thus, when the Chief Justice asserted himself, Nawaz Sharif saw this as a threat to his power, not as something normal in democracy. There are many instances of the US Congress shooting down a nominee of the president without causing a constitutional crisis. Here, just because the prime minister (or his father) felt unhappy about a couple of judges recommended by the Chief Justice, we are once again on the brink of the precipice. As I write this, it is crystal clear that Nawaz Sharif has driven himself into a corner. By resigning with good grace, he can still save the system. He has antagonized too many powerful forces to be able to rule with any moral authority. Without any rhyme or reason, he has provoked the Chief Justice and the president, and we can be sure that he won no friends at GHQ by his tantrums that have caused havoc with the national economy and polity. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971117 ------------------------------------------------------------------- A matter of commitment ------------------------------------------------------------------- By M.B. Naqvi THESE are not the best of times for this crisis-ridden country. The economy is in a bad shape and law and order is rapidly deteriorating, chiefly in Karachi, most parts of Punjab and some other areas in Balochistan. The dominant political trends sectarianism, tribalisms of all kinds and ethnic chanvinisms only sadden democrats. Signs of bad governance are everywhere. We are supposed to be a parliamentary democracy. The news and analyses about parliamentary politics reeking of intrigue and unprincipled factionalism make dismal reading. National leadership seems to lack both commitment and steady nerves, its vital ingredients. It is easy to diagnose the ills. We Pakistanis are in point of simple fact failing to rise to the challenges facing us. Most decision-making on larger issues of national importance is frequently dictated by personal motives. If we go by some of the press reports emanating from Islamabad a rare blend of rumour, speculation and special pleading by obscure groups major differences originate in petty squables among high officers of the state. Only one positive thing can be said: virtually all dirty linen is now being washed in public and few sordid goings- on remain secret. Which is one of the desirable byproducts of even a partial and defective democracy. Some of the filth and pettiness in politics is due to two factors. The first and more important one is the political under- development of our people that has enabled narrow elite groups to corner power and they have no commitment to higher ideals by virtue of their social origins, though a few of them do have elementary personal decencies. But such persons are few and far between. The best of them are committed to promoting their political and social ambitions, with this rest being busy augmenting personal fortunes. The second factor is both insidious and pervasive: corruption. Corruption is deep-rooted and pervasive. Maximum energies of the government are being devoted ostensibly to fighting corruption, what with the Accountability Cell in the PM's secretariat and all the worldwide chase of tainted money. But anyone can see that Mr. Nawaz Sharif is simply carrying on an old tradition: harass and oppress your opponent. Ms Benazir Bhutto did it to him and he is now returning the compliment with a vengeance. Other can illustrate the absence of good governance better. There is no doubt that corruption is at the bottom of many of the ills that the nation is suffering from. Even the World Bank has now started emphasizing corruption as a cause for both under- development and many of the specific ills of Pakistan's economy. But it is necessary that we keep the perspective level. Corruption is not anything new or recent. It is a part of the subcontinent's culture. Folklore in almost all parts of South Asia speaks of corruption and its open and devious ways. Indeed, it colours all or most motivations, attitudes and expectations. A bribe is not simply taken; it has to be given too. The willingness of the giver is as vital as the desire of the taker. In our day-to-day living anyone can observe the operation of this factor in things petty at the grassroots and in larger matters at higher levels as well. Until our culture and civilization produce persons of sturdy character who would do their duty without fear or favour, we cannot expect to eliminate corruption. It is going to be a long haul even when society desires to reform itself resolutely in all spheres. Yet for this nation the very description seems to beg the question because many among our intelligentsia wince at it corruption cannot be left alone in the name of its civilizational character. Unless incidence of corruption in the higher echelons of government is contained, Pakistan is likely to lurch from one serious crisis to the next. Few can forget that all the four dismissals of governments during the last ten years were based on the perception, among the practorian guards or the establishment, of their being guilty of corruption and maladministration. Similar causes can produce similar results, and enactment's alone cannot change basic power correlation's. The instincts, assumptions and attitudes of today's rulers are absolutely indistinguishable from those of the previous lot of rulers. Why? because they are chips of the same block having the same social origins, characterized by an absence of idealism and given to self-seeking in the name of pragmatism. There is every indication that the constitutional crisis that had arisen as a result of the rifts between the PM and the Chief Justice of Pakistan has not finally removed all signs of trouble at the top. Little of impotence can be said about the current Islamabad situation because much of the news comprises speculation and rumours. That there may be something cooking in the overheated atmosphere of Islamabad may be likely. But how to unravel the inscrutability's of the haze? It is in this situation that the leadership and the functioning of the PM comes into sharp focus. He has to display both a steady nerve as distinct from stubbornness and pugnacity and a commitment to democratize ideals and not merely references to his popular mandate. Democracy and all its institutions have to be allowed to function in their true spirit. The PM will do well to recognize that the state of the nation requires both change and deft handling. Bending of rules and gimmicks will only intensify crisis and uncertainty. If democratic government and institutions have to survive, they must plan and carry out change through innovation and cool foresight. Change of methodology has to be adopted in any case in order to prevail and to achieve anything indeed, to implement change. The PM must constantly be receiving reports of conspiracies by this or that group or even institution. That is where his nerve is going to be tested: let him take the risks and do the right thing. That is the only way to operate for a democratic leader and to survive. Supposing he does not servive in office a possibility he cannot ignore he must take that also in the stride. Going into the wilderness for doing the right thing will ensure a brighter political future. One has mentioned two things: commitment to democratic objectives and institutions; and democratic methodology in decision-making. The latter has many implications. His having been elected by a large majority does not necessarily entitle him to take major decisions in a kitchen cabinet. All such decisions must be taken in the proper cabinet and in a democratic spirit. That is the way for a decision to acquire political and moral weight and strength. Also such decisions are likely to be fully implemented. Only then can powerful vested interests be kept at bay. That is the way a genuine democratic leader can survive and prevail: when obstructed, all he has to do is to take the matter to the people directly and involve them in the making of tough decision. That is how true democracy functions; that is how it strikes root and strengthens itself. The leader who involves the people with his own decision-making has nothing to fear from vested interests or elite groups. Let Mian Nawaz Sharif operate as a democratic leader. He will find he has nothing to fear from power brokers or other strategically-placed individuals or institutions. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971120 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Before it is too late ------------------------------------------------------------------- NO ONE with any concern for the country's fortunes or its future will remain undismayed at the present turn of events. It is no exaggeration to say that unless wisdom prevails, where we are headed is towards disaster. Yet the truly tragic aspect of this situation is that those who are in a position to influence events and take decisions seem to have put blinkers on their eyes. Heedless of the consequences, they are playing blind man's buff when what the nation seeks is a firm hand on the tiller and some thought and compassion for its problems. It takes no extraordinary perspicacity to see that the problem which has the whole nation in its thrall is not simply a matter of legal technicalities hinging upon a particular law. It has now developed to a point where if left unresolved by the nation's collective wisdom it will endanger the entire edifice of democracy. This is what is at stake and yet this realization seems not to be dawning upon the wise heads of the ruling party. Indeed, if these same heads had shown a greater measure of prudence and ordinary common sense than they have hitherto demonstrated, it is arguable that things would not have come to their present pass. The ruling party, relying more on its numbers than on a clear reading of the situation, is trying to meet the predicament into which it has been put by the contempt petition against the prime minister and others by instant and thoughtless legislation. If laws alone could save governments Pakistani democracy could never have been swept off its rails as so often it has been in the past. Yet this government seems not to be imbibing such simple home truths which after all come not from the pages of Confucius or any other philosopher but our own dark and troubled experience. To say that somebody (let us not specify who) is being obstinate begs more questions than it answers. What has brought the nation and the government to the present situation? Statesmanship lies not in reacting to events but in so conducting oneself as to forestall difficult eventualities. The prime minister and his impressive phalanx of advisers could not read where their stand-off with the judiciary was taking them and the country. Even now that they are in the thick of the storm they are not realizing the gravity of the situation. They are thinking it is simply a legal battle, which is why they are relying on the so-called legal wizards to bail them out of it. What is needed instead is political vision (a badly abused term though this is in our political milieu) but of this quality there is precious little evidence on the capital's Constitution Avenue. This is a crisis which must be resolved not by legal nit-picking but by the coming together of the President, the Chief Justice, the Prime Minister and, reluctant though we are to say this, the Chief of the Army Staff. The Constitution of course has no provision for such a gathering. But then the Constitution has no provision permitting or condoning the repeated follies of Pakistan's governing classes. If the country's political leadership cannot put their house in order, they have no one to blame but themselves if other forces step in to fill the vacuum created by their ineptitude and their blundering ways. Even otherwise it has not been lost upon the people that in this crisis too repeated calls have been made upon the assistance of the army chief. This is a tragic situation and simply shows up the inadequacy of our leaders. But since it is also a real situation, there is no alternative except to make the best of it. Let all the figures we have named come together and try to resolve what is not an insuperable problem. The people of Pakistan deserve a reprieve from crises inflicted upon them by their rulers. They deserve a reprieve from the politics of foolishness and shortsightedness. There is still time to avert the worst but only if all concerned rise above the pettiness of their minds, perceptions and spirit and see where the country is headed.

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SPORTS

971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- WI snatch back initiative from Pakistan ------------------------------------------------------------------- Samiul Hasan PESHAWAR, Nov. 18: Pakistan squandered a golden opportunity to build a sizable lead over the West Indies when they finished the second day of the first cricket Test at 246 for five at the Arbab Niaz Stadium. Last evening's overnight pair of Saeed Anwar and Ijaz Ahmad had set a perfect stage for a huge first innings total when they shared in an enterprising 133-run second wicket partnership. But the departure of the two batsmen in a space of 14 balls, exposed Pakistan's brittle and suspected batting. Mohammad Wasim was unfortunate to drag in Courtney Walsh's delivery, which kept low, on to his stumps while skipper Wasim Akram was stumped by David Williams off Carl Hooper when he was half way down the wicket. What is more upsetting and mind-boggling is the fact that Akram once again came ahead of Azhar Mahmood. Akram had done the same in the quadrangular tournament that cost Pakistan the match against South Africa. The home team could have been in further disarray had Courtney Walsh held on to simplest of chances offered by Inzamamul Haq at mid-on. But the West Indies skipper showed greasy palms and Pakistan escaped from being four down for 159. Nevertheless, Walsh partly settled his account with Inzamam when his yorker struck Inzamam's centre finger of the right foot which forced the batsman to retire. But this catch will certainly haunt Walsh in his dreams because it would have brought the West Indies right back into the Test. Moin, struck six boundaries and a massive six to Test debutante Rawl Lewis to be batting on 36. Azhar was on 14 with the two having added 39 runs for the unbroken sixth wicket partnership. The feature of the day was, however, innings of contrasting styles by Saeed Anwar and Ijaz Ahmad. While Saeed batted with a mixture of defence and controlled aggression, Ijaz was more over ambitious when he threw his bat against everything. But the hallmark of both the innings was that the two key batsmen found their lost forms. Saeed Anwar desperately needed runs to retain his place in the side and he obliged his fans with a delight 65 helped with nine exquisite boundaries. Anwar, who recorded his 14th half century in 25 tests, was under severe pressure when he could score only 40 runs in five innings against South Africa. The way Anwar batted proved that the batsman has worked really hard on his batting as well as concentration. Ijaz scored 65 with 10 blistering boundaries from 134 balls after a little over three hours of occupancy of the wicket. It was his 10th half century in 40 Tests. The West Indies bowling remained erratic while the fielding sloppy as the fielders gifted the batsmen with some cheap runs. Courtney Walsh added the wicket of Mohammad Wasim to his yesterday's scalp of Aamir Sohail to finish with two for 30. Hooper accounted for Saeed Anwar behind the wickets and then had Wasim Akram to end with two for 37. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971119 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Jansher Khan enters Mahindra Cup ------------------------------------------------------------------- A. Majid Khan KARACHI, Nov. 18: Eight-time world squash champion Jansher Khan, has entered the Mahindra International, scheduled to be held at the Indian port city of Mumbai from Dec. 1, along with a large contingent of Pakistani squash players. The entry list released by the Professional Squash Association (PSA) after the participants, date of withdrawal includes almost all the leading world players for the super series events which carries a cash prize of US dollars 1,10, 000. Pakistan's Zubair Jahan, whose world ranking has gone down from ten to 15, is in the main draw. However, Jansher Khan, in various press statements had stated that he would be going to India for the super series, starting on Dec. 1-6. Zarak has recently under gone knee operation and would not be competing in Qatar Open and Mahindra Open as well as Heliopolis Open at Cairo, the last tournament of the current season. Mir Zaman Gul (World no 35), Amjad Khan (W no 38), Kashif Shuja (W no 58) Kumail Mahmood (W no 66), Mohammad Hussain (W no 70), Shamsul Islam Khan (W no 76) and Ijaz Azmat (W no 96) are among the 32 players for qualifying round from which eight players will go into the 32-man main. The qualifying Round starts on Nov. 29. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971120 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pakistan well placed after Inzamam's heroics ------------------------------------------------------------------- Samiul Hasan PESHAWAR, Nov. 19: Inzamamul Haq was denied of a personal landmark but his heroics were enough to put Pakistan in a winning position against the West Indies in the first cricket Test being played here at the Arbab Niaz Stadium. Inzamam scored a brave and courageous unbeaten 92 to propel Pakistan to 381 that provided the home team a first innings lead of 230. In the post-tea session, Wasim Akram and Mushtaq Ahmed picked up the wickets of Stuart Williams (3) and Shivnarine Chanderpaul (14) respectively to reduce the West Indies to 99 for two at stumps on the third day, still 131 runs in arrears. But the only concern in the Pakistan camp would be the form shown by Brian Lara in his 40- minute innings in which he hammered nine punishing boundaries, including two each in Arshad Khan and Mushtaq Ahmed's one over. With Lara was Sherwin Campbell batting on 34 that included five hits to the fence. But the star of the day was, however, Inzamamul Haq who was robbed of his first century at home as he ran out of partners. Shahid Nazir (18) and Mushtaq Ahmed (4) gave excellent support to Inzamam but their efforts could not help Inzamam to break the jinx. It has been the third time that Inzamam has reached 90s second time on this centre in two years in home Tests but failed to complete centuries. Inzamam batted with authority and confidence but the key element of luck also favored him. He was dropped four times when on 5, 32, 35 and 88 besides escaping with a very close run-out call. Nevertheless, as people say `fortunes favor the brave', same happened to the star batsman. Inzamam was handicapped when he had to bat with a runner after receiving telling blows on his left foot. On the first day, a David Williams struck him on his ankle and on Tuesday, a Courtney Walsh yorker crushed his middle finger of the same foot. But he defied all pains to play an innings which may well help Pakistan notch up his first Test win over the West Indies in seven years. Pakistan last beat the Caribbeans in the 1990-91 home series at Karachi by eight wickets. Inzamam was a class by himself. He struck the ball with ferocious power and the nine boundaries that came of his willow hardly allowed the fielders any chance. The two sixes he struck off Rawl Lewis were simply blistering as one of them landed in the Pakistan team dressing room. Overall, Inzamam occupied the crease for four hours and 33 minutes during which he received 191 balls. But while Inzamam was dropped four times, Mohammad Wasim did all his leg work as he did the duty of the 27-year-old batsman's runner. On Tuesday, Aamir Sohail had done the similar work before Inzamam had to retire when 13. Inzamam also benefited from the legs of Wasim on 88 when he narrowly survived a run-out. Had Inzamam being running himself, he would have surely been run-out by half the pitch as he is one of the slowest movers in cricket today and perhaps the worst runners between the wickets. Inzamam's cause was also eased out by erratic and ill-planned West Indies bowlers. Inzamam was having problems in coming on to the front foot and instead of pitching the ball up, they bowled short of length which Inzamam played comfortably on the back foot with all the weight of his body coming on his strong right leg. Inzamam, was quick to get down to business when overnight batsman Azhar Mahmood departed in the second over of the day with Pakistan only adding four runs to his overnight score of 246 for five. Together with Moin Khan, Inzamam added 44 runs for the seventh wicket. The stand was broken when Moin mistimed a hook and was taken safely this time by Courtney Walsh at mid-on off Ian Bishop. Moin, who had resumed this morning at 36, registered his seventh Test half century in 30 games by hitting a valuable 58 which was Pakistan innings fourth half century. The Pakistan wicketkeeper, who played the four-nation cup at Lahore as a batsman, struck seven elegant boundaries and two sixes in his 124-ball innings which lasted for about three hours. But it were the stands with Shahid Nazir and Mushtaq Ahmed that helped Pakistan reach 381 and Inzamam 92. For the ninth wicket, Inzamam and Nazir put on 43 runs in 77 minutes. And when Mushtaq joined his pal, Inzamam was 62 but managed to add another 30 in a partnership of 34 in 42 minutes. For the West Indies, Courtney Walsh, who ended Mushtaq's resilience with a perfectly executed yorker, finished with five wickets for 78 runs in 32 overs. It was the 14th time that the 35-year-old Jamaican had taken five or more wickets in an innings in 94 Tests. An injury-prone Ian Bishop finished with three for 76 and the other two wickets went to Carl Hooper. DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS*DWS 971121 ------------------------------------------------------------------- Pakistan whip West Indies by an innings and 19 runs ------------------------------------------------------------------- Samiul Hasan PESHAWAR, Nov. 20: Pakistan's champion spinner Mushtaq Ahmed recorded his fourth 10-wicket haul in a match as Pakistan whipped the West Indies by an innings and 19 runs in the opening Test of the three-match series at the Arbab Niaz Stadium. Mushtaq, named Man-of-the-Match, followed up his five for 35 in the first innings with five for 71 in the second as the visitors were sent crashing out for 211 while needing 230 to make the home team bat again. That gave the little Mushy his career-best match figures of 10 for 106 eclipsing the previous best of 10 for 143 against New Zealand at Lahore last year. The West Indies, who lost with more than one-and-a-half day to spare, had resumed this morning at 99 for two. The match was also a personal achievement for skipper Wasim Akram. The star allrounder made his critics bite the dust by claiming four wickets for 65 runs besides becoming the only Pakistani captain after late Abdul Hafeez Kardar to beat the once mighty West Indies by an innings margin. The last and decisive wicket, however, went to Azhar Mahmood who trapped master batsman Brian Lara in front of the wickets in the fourth over of the penultimate day. An over before, Lara was dropped by Mushtaq Ahmed at gully off Akram. Lara, who lasted just four balls today, was let off on the second ball he faced. Lara was one of the four batsmen, including top scorer Sherwin Campbell (66), to be adjudged leg before by the 57-year-old English umpire David Shepherd. Mushtaq Ahmed, by taking 10 wickets for 106 in the match, has confirmed his status as the most glittering wrist-spinner who adores the modern game. Mushtaq, who is one of the five Wisden cricketers of the year, in the current Test clinched success from mesmerizing spin, accuracy and bounce with deceptive googlies. His instincts were to outwit the batsmen rather than wear them down. And his positive approach worked wonders as Carl Hooper (23) attempted a cover drive to be smartly caught at covers by Wasim Akram. Then Mushtaq deceived Phil Simmons (1) with a flipper as the batsman ended up skying the ball into the hands of substitute fielder Saqlain Mushtaq. After lunch, Mushtaq had a lucky bat and pad decision against David Williams (20) while completing his five-wicket haul when Curtly Ambrose became too adventurous and danced down the track to leave substitute wicketkeeper Mohammad Wasim with a simple stumping. On Wednesday, Mushtaq had Shivnarine Chanderpaul who was caught in the slips by Ijaz Ahmed after the ball had deflected the shoulder of Aamir Sohail who was keeping wickets. Wasim Akram, whose all four victims were trapped leg before, bowled with hostility and fire. He proved that he was superbly fit by bowling 23 overs in three spells. The West Indies vulnerability against quality spinner and lack of depth in batting was clearly exposed. After Brian Lara was the third batsman out in the fourth over of the day to make the tourists 102 for three, the remaining seven wickets went down for just 109 runs. Clive Lloyd, the West Indies manager, may emphasize that his team doesn't depend only on Lara, the fact is the other way round. Moreover, except for Carl Hooper there is no batsman in the West Indies team who could easily walk into any of the top three current Test teams viz Australia, South Africa and Pakistan. There was Philo Wallace who showed form and maturity in the four- dayer at Rawalpindi but he was not included in the Test side for reasons unknown. The stand of umpiring, it would not be out of context to say, remained below-par. Said Shah, who was standing in his debut Test, and David Shepherd were too generous towards the home team but if the West Indies go back and evaluate the Test, they would find that lacklustre batting in the first innings and sloppy fielding in Pakistan's 381 combined to end in a humiliating defeat. Back to the top.

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