LEONARD J. SCHOPPA, JR.
Woodrow Wilson Department of Politics
Box 400787 / Gibson 185, The University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4787
tel (434) 924-3192; fax (434) 924-3359 e-mail: email@example.com
• D. Phil in Politics - Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom (January 1989) -- Dissertation: "The Limits of Change in Japanese Policymaking: the Case of Education Reform, 1967-1987."
• BS - Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. (May 1984) -- School of Foreign Service. Major: International Economics. Certificate in Asian Studies.
• The University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (1990 - present) –Professor of Politics, beginning 2006; Associate Professor, 1996-2006; Assistant Professor, 1990-96.
• University of Tokyo and International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan (2000-2001) -- Visiting Fulbright Research Fellow at the University of Tokyo Institute of Social Science and the ICU Institute of Asian Cultural Studies.
• Keio University, Tokyo, Japan (1993 - 1994) -- Visiting Assistant Professor in the Faculty of Policy Management.
• University of Virginia College of Arts and Sciences – Associate Dean for Social Sciences (2012-present) – I assist the Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences in overseeing the personnel and budgetary affairs of social science departments and several other programs and centers.
• UVA Department of Politics, Associate Chair (2010-2012) – I assisted the department chair in a variety of departmental administrative tasks, including scheduling, oversight of the summer session, and hiring adjuncts.
• Semester at Sea (a UVa Study Abroad Program) – Academic Dean (Summer 2011 Voyage) – I hired 30 faculty members, approved 60 syllabi, and supervised the planning of about 100 field trips ahead of our departure, and then headed up the academic program on a 66-day voyage across the Atlantic and around the Mediterranean.
• The University of Virginia – Undergraduate Director (2006-2010) – I oversaw programs for students majoring in “Government” and “Foreign Affairs”, which graduated over 400 students a year during this period.
• Semester at Sea – Academic Dean (Fall 2008 Voyage) – I hired 29 faculty members, approved 80 syllabi, and monitored the planning for about 150 field trips ahead of departure and then supervised these faculty members and oversaw the academic program during the 108-day voyage around the world.
• The University of Virginia - Director of the East Asia Center (1997 - 2000) – I oversaw an interdisciplinary unit with an annual other than personnel budget of over $30,000, managed an MA program in Asian Studies, ran a speakers series, and did limited fund-raising.
• The University of Virginia - Director of the Department of Politics Midcareer Executive Program (1999 - 2000) – I managed a program that offered mid-career public servants the opportunity to take graduate courses in politics and public policy. The position involved supervision of one part-time staff assistant and budget responsibility.
• The Evolution of Japan’s Party System: Politics and Policy in an Era of Institutional Change (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2011) – Leonard Schoppa, ed.
• Race for the Exits: The Unraveling of Japan’s System of Social Protection (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2006). The first chapter is available on-line by clicking here. Also available in Japanese translation. This book was nominated for the Gregory Luebbert Award for the best book in Comparative Politics and for the John K. Fairbanks Prize in East Asian History.
• Social Contracts Under Stress: The Middle Classes of America, Europe, and Japan at the Turn of the Century (New York: Russell Sage, 2002)—co-edited with Olivier Zunz and Nobuhiro Hiwatari.
• Bargaining with Japan: What American Pressure Can and Cannot Do (New York: Columbia University Press, 1997).
• Education Reform in Japan: A Case of Immobilist Politics (London: Routledge, 1991). Also available in Japanese translation.
• “Residential Mobility and Local Civic Engagement in Japan and the United States: Divergent Paths to School,” Comparative Political Studies 46:9 (September 2013), forthcoming (the pdf file is for the unedited version; please see the journal for the published version, when it is available there).
• “Path Dependence and the Evolution of Japan’s Party System Since 1993,” in Leonard Schoppa, ed., The Evolution of Japan’s Party System: Politics and Policy in an Era of Institutional Change (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2011).
• “Policies for an Aging / Low Fertility Society,” in Alisa Gaunder, ed., Routledge Handbook of Japanese Politics (London: Routledge, 2011), pp. 201-211.
• “Race to the Bottom? Japanese Multinational Firms and the Future of the Lifetime Employment System,” Japan Focus (on-line journal), February 21, 2006.
• “Neoliberal Economic Policy Preferences of the ‘New Left’: Home-Grown or Anglo-American Import?” in Rikki Kersten and David Williams, eds., The Left in the Shaping of Japanese Democracy: Essays in Honour of J.A.A. Stockwin (London: Routledge, 2006), pp. 117-139.
• “Globalization and the Squeeze on the Middle Class: Does Any Version of the Postwar Social Contract Meet the Challenge?” in Olivier Zunz, Leonard Schoppa, and Nobuhiro Hiwatari, eds., Social Contracts Under Stress: the Middle Classes of America, Europe, and Japan at the Turn of the Century (New York: Russell Sage, 2002), pp. 319-344.
• Book Review of Shirahase Sawako, Shoshi Korei Shakai no Mienai Kakusa (Invisible Inequalities in an Aging, Low Fertility Society) in the Social Science Japan Journal 11:1 (Summer 2008), pp. 178-180.
• Book Review of Christina Davis, Food Fights over Free Trade: How International Institutions Promote Agricultural Trade Liberalization in International Studies Review 6:3 (September 2004), pp. 457-459.
Opinion and Analysis for a General Audience
• “Japan” entry for the Encyclopedia Britannica Books of the Year for 2010, 2011, and 2012.
• "Engaging China and India: An Economic Agenda for Japan and the United States (A Binational Study Group Report)—I served as primary author of this document which grew out of a series of two conferences organized by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, The Pacific Council on International Policy, and the Japan Economic Foundation, released in October 2006.
• “Views from the Inside: Mansfield Fellows Evaluate Popular Commentary on Japanese Politics,” Asia Perspectives 1:2 (December 1998), pp. 4-20.
• “Testimony Before the House Committee on International Relations, Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific,” October 30, 1995.
• “Feminism as the New Natalism: 21st Century Prescriptions for Addressing Low Fertility,” paper delivered at the Social Trends Institute’s Conference on Whither the Child? Causes, Consequences, & Solutions to Low Fertility in Barcelona, March 11-13, 2010. This paper is being edited for inclusion in Bradley Wilcox, ed., Wither the Child: The Causes, Consequences, and Responses to Low Fertility.
• East Asia and International Relations Theory, a new jointly-authored book project with David Kang and Ming Wan, is in the process of being revised for submission to Columbia University Press, where it is under contract.
• Center for Global Partnership Special Grant (2011), administered by the Japan Foundation and providing support for a study tour to Tokyo for myself and three collaborators who are interesting in comparing the ways Japanese and American communities support the ability of school children to walk to school.
• Center for Global Partnership Book Project Grant (2004-2005), administered by the Japan Foundation and providing support for three months writing time in the summer of 2004 and a conference in October on the topic of my Race for the Exits book project.
• Japan Foundation Short-term Research Grant (2002), administered by the Japan Foundation and providing support for three weeks of research in Tokyo.
• Fulbright Research Fellowship (2000-01), administered and funded by the Japan-U.S. Educational Commission and the Council for International Educational Exchange and providing full support for an academic year to allow focused work on research and writing.
• Abe Fellowship (1993-94), administered by the Social Science Research Council and the American Council of Learned Societies and funded by the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership and providing full support for an academic year to allow focused work on research and writing.
• Reischauer Institute Post-Doctoral Fellowship (1989-90), awarded by the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies, Harvard University and providing full support for an academic year to allow a concentrated post-doctoral year to work on research and writing.
• Rhodes Scholarship (1985-88), awarded by the Rhodes Trust, Oxford University, and providing full support for three years of graduate study and travel funds for fieldwork in Japan.
• University of Virginia Summer Research Grant (1992, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006), awarded by the University of Virginia in support of summer research projects.
• Sesquicentennial Fellowship (1994, 2000, 2007), awarded by the University of Virginia and providing a semester off from teaching to allow focused work on research.
• Northeast Asian Council Short-term Travel Grant (1992, 1999), awarded by the Association for Asian Studies Northeast Asian Council.
• Weedon Foundation Travel Grant (1992, 1996, 2007), awarded by the Weedon Fund based at the University of Virginia.
• Bankard Fund for Political Economy Grant (1999), awarded by the Bankard Fund based at the University of Virginia.
MANUSCRIPT REVIEWS FOR:
International Organization, Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Governance, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Politics, Perspectives on Politics, Review of International Political Economy, Polity, Asian Survey, Journal of Gender Studies, Japanese Journal of Political Science, Cambridge University Press, Princeton University Press,Cornell University Press, Columbia University Press, Stanford University Press, Oxford University Press, University of Michigan Press, University of Hawaii Press, Lynne Reiner, Congressional Quarterly Press, and Routledge.
PROFESSIONAL PRESENTATIONS (in chronological order / since 2001)
• “The Consequences of ‘Sticky Voting’ in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems,” revised version of 1998 APSA paper (co-authored with Karen Cox) presented at the University of Tokyo Institute of Social Science in February 2001.
• “Domestic Politics,” a paper presented at a book conference on U.S.-Japan Relations in a Changing World (looking back at the 50 years since the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty) organized by Steve Vogel in Berkeley, January 2001.
• “Japan's Response to its Declining Fertility Problem: the Role of Exit and Voice,” a talk presented at the International Christian University in Mitaka and the Univeristy of Tokyo Komaba Campus, both in May 2001, and again at Sophia University in Tokyo in December 2002.
• “Japanese Trade Policy in Reaction to U.S. Pressure: the Long-term Effects of Efforts to Deflect Bilateral Demands,” paper prepared for the a symposium on “Japan and the Transformation of the International Order,” organized by Nobuhiro Hiwatari of the University of Tokyo in March 2001 and again at a second meeting of the symposium group in Tokyo in December 2002.
• Speaker on a Panel on Domestic Politics at the conference in San Francisco commemorating the 50th anniversary of the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty, September 2001.
• “International Cooperation Despite Domestic Conflict: Japanese Politics and the San Francisco Treaties,” paper presented at the International Studies Association annual meeting in New Orleans, March 2002.
• “Japan’s Domestic Politics and Its National Identity,” talk presented at a conference organized by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department of State, April 2002.
• “Japanese Politics and Economic Reform: Why Haven’t Politicians Taken a Lead in Fixing Such Dire Problems,” talk at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, May 2002.
• “Tensions in the Japanese Party System: How Will They Affect Bilateral Economic and Security Relations,” talk organized by the Japan Information Access Project in Washington, May 2002.
• “A Tale of Two Identity Crises: Why Japan’s Approach to International Affairs Isn’t Changing (While America’s Is),” talk at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia, October 2002.
• “Exit, Voice, and Family Policy: Explaining the Uneven Pace of Reform,” talks presented at the University of Pennsylvania in October 2002, at Columbia University in April 2003, and at the University of Michigan in September 2003.
• “Japan’s Demographic Challenge: Can It Remain a Great Power?” talk at the Keizai Koho Center in Washington, January 2003.
• “Neoliberal Economic Policy Preferences of the ‘New Left’: Home-Grown or Anglo-American Import?” paper presented at a Festschrift book conference in honor of Prof. Arthur Stockwin (Oxford), organized by Rikki Kersten and David Williams and held in Leiden, the Netherlands in June 2003.
• “The Heisei Generation: Voters and Political Elites Between Ages 30 and 50,” talk presented at a conference organized by the Bureau of Intelligence and Research of the Department of State, August 2003.
• “Exit, Voice, and Family Policy: Japan’s Efforts to Convince Women to Work and Have Children Too,” talks presented at Harvard University and MIT in October 2003 and again to the Washington and Southeast Regional Japan Seminar in April 2004.
• “Exit, Voice, and Economic Reform: Why We Haven’t Seen a Concerted Reform Movement Despite the Prolonged Period of Economic Stagnation,” talk at the International Monetary Fund, October 2003.
• “A Long Term Strategy for Coping with an Aging Society: Calling for a Labor Market ‘Big Bang,’” invited lecture in Tokyo as part of a symposium organized by the Yomiuri newspaper company, March 24, 2004.
• “Political Implication of Public Debt Crisis Scenarios,” talk presented at a State Department-organized conference in Washington, DC, September 13, 2004.
• “Japanese Politics and Policy in an Era of Fiscal Stress,” talk presented at Columbia University, October 14, 2004.
• “Exit, Voice, and Family Policy,” talk presented at the University of Illinois, March 4, 2005.
• “Taking Exit and Voice Seriously: Explaining the Pattern of Japan’s Economic and Social Policy Reforms,” talk presented at Cornell University, March 8, 2005.
• “Can Japan Continue Expanding its Defense Role through Salami-Slice Tactics?” talk presented at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC, June 10, 2005.
• “Exit, Voice, and Women’s Movements in an Era of Low Fertility,” a paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association in Washington, DC, on September 1-4, 2005.
• “The Trajectory of Japanese Politics after the 9/11 Election,” lecture delivered at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC, October 2005.
• “The Rise of National Sentiments in Japan,” talk presented at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC, November 3, 2005.
• “Exit, Voice, and Reform of Male Breadwinner Social Structures: Low Fertility Equilibrium in Japan and Italy,” paper delivered at the University of Delaware, March 6, 2006; at the University of Washington, November 13, 2006; and again at the University of Pittsburgh, October 8, 2007.
• “Japan’s Grand Strategy: Still Relying on the US After All of These Years,” lecture for Seminar XXI: US National Security Policy (short course for US government personnel), organized by Bob Art at Airlie House, VA, April 28-30, 2006.
• “The Koizumi Succession in Historical Context,” paper presented at the Center for Strategic and International Studies’ Panel on Considering a Post-Koizumi Japan in Washington, DC, May 31, 2006.
• “Path Dependence and the Evolution of Japan’s Party System Since 1993,” paper presented at the tri-annual meeting of the International Political Science Association in Fukuoka, Japan, July 11, 2006.
• “Japan: The State Of Politics and Prospects for Economic Policy,” comments prepared for a seminar at the State Department in Washington, DC, on the incoming Abe cabinet, September 12, 2006.
• “Race for the Exits: The Unraveling of Japan’s System of Social Protection,” book promotion talk at Oxford University as part of the Nissan Institute 25th Anniversary Celebration, September 22, 2006.
• “After Koizumi: Where Will Prime Minister Abe Lead Japan,” lecture for the Japan-America Society of Dallas/Fort Worth in Dallas, November 17, 2006.
• “Japan: The Abe Administration” comments prepared for a State Department conference on this topic, November 20, 2006.
• “Japanese Nationalist Resurgence or Populist Politics?” comments on a panel on changes in regional political relations at the 4th Annual Meeting of the US-Asia Pacific Council, organized by the East-West Center in Washington, DC, November 30, 2006.
• “The Japanese Economy before and after the Lost Decade,” lecture delivered to Robin White’s class at the State Department Foreign Service Institute, February 15, 2007.
• “Gaiatsu, Learning, and Japan’s Emerging Economic Liberalism,” paper presented at the Yale University Conference on Japan and the World, March 9-10, 2007.
• Delivered prepared comments for the Yomiuri International Symposium on “Japan’s Decision: Social Security and Public Finance” in Tokyo, September 14, 2007.
• “Exit, Voice, and Reform of Male Breadwinner Social Structures: Low Fertility Equilibrium in Japan and Italy,” paper delivered at the University of Pittsburgh, October 8, 2007.
• “The Nationalists’ Dilemma,” paper presented at a conference on “Japan’s New Nationalism: How Japan’s National Identity is Changing at Home and Abroad,” organized by Thomas Berger and Jim Hollifield and hosted at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, February 1, 2008.
• “The Japanese Economy before and after the Lost Decade,” lecture delivered to Robin White’s class at the State Department Foreign Service Institute, March 6, 2008.
• Discussant on panel “What’s Left? What’s Right? Social Movements and Politics in Contemporary Japan” at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies in Atlanta, April 5, 2008.
• Panelist for a Symposium on “Japan’s Declining Population: Clearly a Problem, but What’s the Solution,” organized by the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Asia Program, April 24, 2008.
• “Greener Grass and Local Civic Engagement: The Effects of Housing Market Structures on Politics in the United States and Japan,” lecture delivered at Harvard University for their Contemporary Japanese Politics Study Group, February 6, 2009.
• “The Japanese Economy before and after the Lost Decade,” lecture delivered to Robin White’s class at the State Department Foreign Service Institute, March 5, 2009—with similar presentations delivered in 2010, 2011, and 2012.
• Discussant on panel “The Politics of Shoushika” at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Asian Studies in Chicago, March 27, 2009.
• “Greener Grass and Local Civic Engagement: The Effects of Housing Market Structures on Politics in the United States and Japan,” paper delivered at the UCLA Conference on Japan’s Politics and Economy, September 11-12, 2009.
• “Feminism as the New Natalism: 21st Century Prescriptions for Addressing Low Fertility,” paper delivered at the Social Trends Institute’s Conference on Whither the Child? Causes, Consequences, & Solutions to Low Fertility in Barcelona, March 11-13, 2010.
• Discussant on a paper and one of the UVA delegates at the Conference on “Chinese Models of Development: Domestic and Global Aspects,” at the Academia Sinica Institute of Political Science in Taiwan, November 3-5, 2011.
• “The Greek Financial Crisis,” guest lecture for the Global Development Organization at UVA, Charlottesville, VA, on February 6, 2012.
• “Japan’s Declining Population: Clearly a Problem, But What’s the Solution?” lecture delivered in Los Angeles, CA, at the University of Southern California, February 23, 2012.
• “Residential Mobility and Local Civic Engagement in Japan and the United States,” paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association of Geographers for a special series of panels convened on “Japanese Cities in Global Networks”, in New York City on February 25, 2012.
• “Japan’s New Party in Power: How Could the DPJ Defeat the LDP and Be So Poor at Governing?” lecture delivered in Dallas, TX, for a group of students and local residents gathered by the Tower Center of Southern Methodist University and the Japan-America Society of Dallas/Fort Worth, March 6, 2012.
• “Japan Caught in the Headlights: Will it Change to Deal with Debt, Aging, and Low Fertility? Or Will it Get Run Over?” lecture delivered in Fort Worth, TX, at Texas Christian University, March 6, 2012.
• Discussant on Panel on “Social Policy Responses in Japan and South Korea to Immigration and Demographic Change” at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association in Chicago, IL, on April 12, 2012.
• OLLI Seminar on “Japan: Culture and Foreign Policy,” Charlottesville, VA, on April 18, 2012.
• “Residential Mobility and Local Civic Engagement in Japan and the United States,” paper presented at the Washington and Southeast Regional Japan Seminar at American University in Washington, DC, on April 28, 2012.
• Rhodes Scholarship Selection Committee member for District 6 (Virginia and Georgia), 2009-present.
• Japan Foundation American Advisory Committee member, 2004-2012.
• Head of the Japan Political Studies Group (2002-2007)—JPSG is a group of approximately 300 political scientists with an interest in Japanese politics that sponsors panels at Association for Asian Studies and American Political Science Association Meetings and maintains JP-Central, a website with information on Japanese politics (jpcentral.virginia.edu).
• Chair of the American Fulbright selection committee for Japan / Korea Research Grants in Fall 2006; Served as a member of this committee in 2004 and 2005 as well.
• Japanese Fulbright interview and selection committee, October 1993 and December 2000.
• Faculty Mentor for the Social Science Research Council’s Japanese Studies Dissertation Workshops held over five-day periods in 2002 and 2003.
• Screener for the Social Science Research Council's International Fieldwork Dissertation Fellowships, 1997-98, '98-99, and '99-2000.
• Nitobe Fellowship interview and selection committee, December 1993.
• Member of the Routledge Nissan Institute Japan Series Editorial Board (1993-2012).
• Member of the Editorial Board for the mediated e-mail discussion group "SSJ-Forum," organized by the University of Tokyo's Institute of Social Science.
• Associate Dean for Social Science for the UVA College of Arts and Sciences (2012-present)
• Associate Chair for the Department of Politics (2010-2012)
• Director of Undergraduate Programs for the Department of Politics (2006-2010)
• Academic Dean for Semester at Sea, Fall 2008 and Summer 2011 Voyages
• Member of the UVA Faculty Senate, 2011-present
• Academic Coordinator for the Semester at Sea Program, 2011-present
• University Transportation and Parking Committee (2002-2012)
• College Committee on Study Abroad (2012)
• College Committee on Undergraduate Education (2011-2012)
• Comparative Politics Search Committee Chair (2006)
• University Committee on Curriculum and Educational Policy (2002-2007; chair from 2005-2007)
• Politics Department Graduate Admissions and Financial Aid Committee (2003-2006)
• University Library Committee (2001-2002)
• Asian Studies MA Program Admissions Committee Chair (1996-97; 2001-03, 2009-10)
• Director of the East Asia Center (1997-2000)
• Director of the Department of Politics Midcareer Executive Program (1999-2000)
• Chair of the UVA Rhodes Scholarship Nominating Committee (1996-2000)
• Member of the University Commission on Internationalization (1999-2000)
• Member of the Building Committee for the Conversion of Gildersleeve into an Asian Language House (1998-1999)
• Politics Department Undergraduate Curriculum Reform Committee Chair (1996-97)
• Politics Department Undergraduate Committee
• Politics Department Graduate Committee
• Politics Department Scheduling Committee
• Politics Department Personnel Committee
• Comparative Politics--China Search (1991-1992)
• Comparative Politics--Western Europe Search (1992-1993)
• International Relations--Diplomat in Residence Search (1997-1998)
• Politics Department Self-Study Group on Comparative Politics
• Politics Department Self-Study Group on International Relations
• Faculty Advisor for Non-Major Students
• Asian Studies Speakers' Committee Chair (1995)
• Advisor to Pi Sigma Alpha
• Stevenson Prize Committee
Š President of the Board, Alliance for Community Choice in Transportation (2006-present) – ACCT is a Charlottesville local non-profit that promotes alternative modes of transportation: biking, walking, and transit. We help establish “Safe Routes to School” programs at local schools and promote infrastructure investments to make walking to school a safer and more popular choice. We pressure local governments to invest in bike lanes, bike paths, sidewalks, and transit and promote these modes through educational and outreach activities. I have served on the board since 2001.
Š Chair of the Climate Protection Subcommittee of the Charlottesville Committee for Environmental Sustainability (2007-2008) – We advised the mayor and city council on steps needed to meet Charlottesville’s commitments to bring carbon emissions down to 1990 levels by 2012 under the U.S. Mayor’s Climate Protection Agreement.
Š Member of the Charlottesville Strategic Planning Task Force (2005-2006).
Š Meet Director and Parent Leader of the City Swim Team (2002-2007).