Who was Odysseus?

Odysseus, in Greek mythology, was the son of Laertes, king of Ithaca, and Anticlea, daughter of Autolycus. He was one of the suitors for the hand of Helen, but eventually despaired of success and married Penelope. It was by his advice that Tyndareus, step-father of Helen, bound the suitors by oath to unite in protecting her from violence. When Helen was carried off to Troy, Odysseus joined the other Greek princes in the expedition to recover her, after failing to escape his obligation feigning madness. In the Iliad, Odysseus is presented as good in counsel and battle, cool, tactful, cunning and energetic. In the Odyssey his chief characteristics are his longing for home, his endurance, and the self-control he displays throughout.

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