Spatial  
Data Analysis  
in  
Archaeology 
Anthropology 589b  Place: The Scholar's Lab, Alderman 
University of Virginia  Monday:4:307:00 
Spring 2007  Fraser D.Neiman 

Description This course covers statistical tools required to discern and interpret effectively spatial patterns in archaeological data at the intrasite and intersite scales. Specific analytical techniques include kernel density extimation and Kfunctions for pointpattern analysis, global and local spatial autocorrelation, variograms, interpolation methods, especially kriging, Mantel regression, empiricalBayes spatial smoothing, unconstrained clustering, correspondence analysis, and spatial regression. We will also consider the design of effective sampling strategies to collect spatial data and links between spatial techniques and the wider orbit of archaeological theory. The course emphasizes the analysis of real archaeological data. Students are encouraged to work on spatial datasets in which they have a special interest. Software applications include SAS, R, and ArcGIS Geostatistical Analyst. Prerequisite: an introductory statistics course. 
Course Schedule and Reading The reading list for the course is available here Nearly all journal articles and book chapters will be found on Toolkit. For a list of books on twohour reserve at Clemons click here 
Handouts and Slides

Datasets

SAS Code

Problem Sets

Software Tools

Requirements Written work for the course includes Problems Sets and a Final Project. Problem Sets will be assigned nearly every week. Completed problem sets will be due the following week, at the beginning of class, when we will discuss them. Your write up should include not only your numerical results, illustrated with appropriate graphics, but also a description of how you got them and what you think they mean, both in statistical and archaeological terms. The text should be no more than three pages, doubled spaced. You should be prepared to offer the class a succinct summary of your work, as a contibution to the class discussion of the problem sets. Late problem sets will not be accepted. The Final Project is your opportunity to use the methods we have covered in the course to tease substantive meaning out of spatial archaeological data. Note that the emphasis here is on meaning: the project should emphasize analytical methods as tools to make and evaluate defensible inferences about past dynamics from material evidence. You will need to identify an historical or anthropological issue and one or more sets of spatial data that might be used to illuminate it. You are encouraged to choose issues and data in which you have a personal research interest and, therefore, basic familiarity with the current background literature. The data you use should contain information on several different variables that are of potential relevance to your problem. Over the first several weeks of the course, we will work together to identify suitable issues and datasets for everyone. The topic and dataset(s) for your project must be approved by the instructor by 2.19. During the last class you will give a 20minute illustrated presentation on your project. Your write up for the final project should not exceed 15 pages (doublespaced), exclusive of graphics. It is due one week after the last class. 
Evaluation Grades of the course will be computed as follows: Problem Sets*.4 + Presentation*.2 + Final Project*.3 + Class Participation*.1. 
Last update...01.21.07