Dorothy C. Wong
McIntire Department of Art
University of Virginia
P.O. Box 400130
Charlottesville, Va 22904
Harvard University, Ph.D., art history, 1995
International Christian University, Tokyo, B.A., art history, literature, philosophy 1981
Teaching and Work Experience
Assistant to Associate Professor, Art Department, University of Virginia, 1997–
Courtesy Associate Professor, Department of Religious Studies, University of Virginia, 2010–
Visiting Associate Professor, Centre of Buddhist Studies, University of Hong Kong, Dec. 2008
Visiting Scholar, Department of East Asian Studies, Eötövs Loránd University, Budapest, May 2007
Visiting Associate Professor, Fine Arts Department, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, spring 2006
Assistant Professor, Department of Art History, Florida State University, 1995–97
Teaching Fellow, Fine Arts Department, Harvard University, 1990
Associate to Managing Editor, Orientations (an Asian
art magazine, published in
Guest Curator, “Treasures Rediscovered Chinese Stone Sculpture from the Sackler Collections at Columbia University” (traveling exhibition, contributed an essay to the exhibition catalogue), and “Expressions of the Buddhist Faith” (published an essay on selected works), University of Virginia Art Museum, Jan.–March 2010
Guest Scholar, curated the East Asian section for the re-installation of the Asian Art Gallery, University of Virginia Art Museum
Guest Scholar, selected exhibits for the Asia section of the exhibition “Intimate Rituals and Personal Devotions: Spiritual Art through the Ages,” (opened in Aug. 2000) Samuel P. Harn Museum, University of Florida, Gainesville (contributed an essay to the exhibition catalogue), 1998–2000
Curatorial Assistant, Harvard University Art Museums, Asian Art Department, 1989, 1991
Buddhist art of early medieval China, East Asia
Honors and Awards
Luce Fellow, National Humanities Center, 2011–12
Associate Fellow (2007–08), Fellow (2008–10), Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, University of Virginia, for the digital project, “Silk Road: The Path of Transmission of Avalokiteśvara”
Honorary Research Fellow, Centre for Asian Studies, Hong Kong Institute for the Humanities and Social Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, 2006–12
Sesquicentennial Associate, University of Virginia, 2011–12, 2005–06, 1998–99
Radcliffe Fellow, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University, 2002–03
Whiting Fellow, 1994–95
Ittleson Pre-doctoral Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, 1992–94
International Pre-doctoral Fellow, American Association of University Women, 1991–92
Richard and Susan Smith Foundation Fellow, for outstanding students in Fine Arts, Harvard University, 1989–90
Harvard Scholarship, Harvard University, 1988–91
United Board of Christian Higher Education in Asia Scholarship, International Christian University, Japan, 1977–81
Project Grants for “Cultural Crossings: China and Beyond in the Medieval Period” international and interdisciplinary conference and Workshop on “Digital Projects in Asian Art and Humanities,” March 2010: Buckner W. Clay Endowment for the Humanities Grant; Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange Grant, Taiwan; Dharma Drum Buddhist College, Taipei; Page-Barbour Interdisciplinary Initiative Grant; Ellen Bayard Weedon Foundation Grant
Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences and the Vice President for Research and Graduate Studies Research Grants, University of Virginia, 2011–12, 2005–06 (publication grant), 2003–04 (publication grant)
Metropolitan Center for Far Eastern Art Studies Grants (Tokyo), 2006, 2003 (publication grant), 1997
Summer Research Grants, University of Virginia, 2011, 2002, 2001, 1998
Hōryūji Reconsidered. Editor, with Eric M. Field (design), and contributing author. New Castle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1847185679
Chinese Steles: Pre-Buddhist and Buddhist Use of a Symbolic Form. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2004. ISBN-13: 978-0824827830. Chinese edition: Zhongguo shibei: yizhong xiangzheng xingshi zai fojiao chuanru zhi qian yu zhi hou de yunyong 中国石碑:一种象征形式在佛教传入之前与之后的运用. Trans. Mao Qiujin 毛秋瑾. Beijing: Shangwu Press, May 2011.
Book projects in progress
Cultural Crossings: China and Beyond in the Medieval Period. Co-Editor, with Gustav Heldt, and contributing author. Nalanda-Sriwijaya Series. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, forthcoming.
Formation of an International Buddhist Art Idiom in East Asia, c. 640–760, book-length manuscript in progress
“Power of Compassion: Paths of Transmission of Avalokiteśvara.” Project Director; co-directors: Danial Pitti, Worth Martin. Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, University of Virginia, ongoing (http://www.iath.virginia.edu/silkroad/).
“An Agent of Cultural Transmission: Jianzhen’s Travels to Japan and His Impact on Buddhist Art.” In Dorothy C. Wong and Gustav Heldt, eds., Cultural Crossings: China and Beyond in the Medieval Period. Nalanda-Sriwijaya Series. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, forthcoming.
“Divergent Paths: Representations of Amoghapāśa in East, South and Southeast Asia.” In Youngsook Pak and Roderick Whitfield, eds., Esoteric Buddhist Tradition in East Asia: Text, Ritual and Image. Occasional Papers of the Council on East Asian Studies at Yale University. Vol. 2. New Haven, CT.: Yale University Press, in press.
“The Art of Avataṃsaka Buddhism at the Courts of Empress Wu and Emperor Shōmu/Empress Kōmyō.” In Frédéric Girard, Robert Gimello and Hamar Imre, eds., Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Huayan/Kegon Buddhism. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2012, pp. 223–260.
“Foming yu chanyi” 佛名与懺儀. Trans. Zhang Shanqing. Dunhuang yanjiu, no. 2 (2010): 6–16. Rpt. Ren Da fuyin baokan ziliao, Zongjiao, no. 5 (2010): 43–53.
“Two Works of Japanese Art at the University of Virginia Art Museum.” Orientations 41, no. 1 (Dec 2009/Jan 2010): 61–64.
“The Mapping of Sacred Space: Images of Buddhist
Cosmographies in Medieval China.” In Philippe Forêt
and Andreas Kaplony, eds., The
Journey of Maps and Images on the
“Reassessing the Mural Paintings of Hōryūji.” In Dorothy C. Wong, ed., Hōryūji Reconsidered. New Castle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008, pp. 131–190.
“What’s in a Buddha’s Name: Case Study of a Sixth-Century Chinese Buddhist Stele from the Shaolin Monastery.” In Leo Swergold, Eileen Hsu, et al., Treasures Rediscovered: Chinese Stone Sculpture from the Sackler Collections at Columbia University. New York: Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, 2008, pp. 17–26, 111.
“Early Transmission of Esoteric Images from China to Japan in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries.” Huaxue 9 (2008): 1697–1719.
“The Case of Amoghapāśa.” Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology 2 (2007): 151–158.
“Die Seidenstraße – Kultureller Transfer auf den Handelsrouten in der Tang-Dynastie.” In Unter der gelben Erde: Die deutsch-chinesesche Zusammenarbeit im Kulturgüterschutz Kongressbeiträge. Bonn: Kunst-und Ausstellungshalle der Bundersrepublik Deutschland GmbH, 2007, pp. 129–154.
“Guanyin Images in Medieval
Huayan/Kegon/Hwaŏm Paintings in
“Ethnicity and Identity: Northern Nomads as Buddhist Art Patrons During the Period of Northern and Southern Dynasties.” In Don Wyatt & Nicola di Cosmo, eds., Political Frontiers, Ethnic Boundaries, and Human Geographies in Chinese History. London: Routledge/Curzon Press, 2003, pp. 80–118.
“Buddhist Steles from the Gansu-Ningxia Region.” In Annette L. Juliano and Judith A. Lerner, eds., Nomads, Traders and Holy Men Along China’s Silk Road. Silk Road Studies No. VII. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepolis: 2002, pp. 45–70.
“The Making of a Saint: Images of Xuanzang in East Asia.” Early Medieval China 8 (2002): 43–98.
“Maitreya Buddha Statues at the
“Women as Buddhist Art Patrons During the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386–581).” In Wu Hung, ed., Between Han and Tang: Religious Art and Archaeology of a Transformative Period. Beijing: Wenwu Press, 2000, pp. 535–566.
“Personal Devotional Objects of
Comparison of Tang Dynasty Jingbian Subjects Depicted in the Mural Paintings of the
“A Reassessment of the Representation
“Maitreya Faith and the Origin of Maitreya's Paradise in Dunhuang's Murals” 彌勒信仰與敦煌彌勒變的起源. Proceedings of the 1987 International Conference on Dunhuang Grottoes. Archaeology volume. Shenyang: Liaoning Art Press, 1990, pp. 290–313.
“Huang Miaozi and Yu Feng (two contemporary Chinese artists).” Orientations 19, no. 8 (1988): 31–41.
“The Paintings of Jao Tsung-i.” Orientations 17, no. 1 (1986): 36–50.
“Symposium on Twentieth-Century Chinese Painting.” Orientations 15, no. 4 (1984): 33–41.
Book Review, Encyclopedia Entries and other publications
Entry on “Eleven-headed Guanyin.” In Annette Juliane, ed., Chinese Sculpture from the Beilin Museum. Exhibition Catalogue. New York: China Institute Gallery, 2007, pp. 111–112.
Entries on “Yungang Cave-temples” and “Longmen Cave-temples.” In Robert E. Buswell, Jr., ed.-in-chief, Encyclopedia of Buddhism. New York: Macmillan, 2003, pp. 471, 921–922.
Book review of Ordinary Images. By
Entry on “Dunhuang.” In Jane Turner, ed., The Macmillan Dictionary of Art. Vol. 9. New York: Grove, 1996, pp. 392–394.
Recent Lectures and Conference Papers (since 2005)
“Transmission of Buddhist Art: Jianzhen's Travels to Japan, 743–65,” Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, April 2012; SOAS, University of London. June 2012
“Xuanzang as an Agent of Artistic Transmission,” read at the “Xuanzang and the 'Records of the Western Regions'” International Conference, Cardiff University, UK, June 2012
“Power of Compassion: the Growing Cult of Avalokiteśvara in the 6th and 7th Centuries,” read at the “Echoes of the Past: the Buddhist Cave Temples of Xiangtangshan” Symposium, Smart Museum, University of Chicago, Oct. 2010
“Some Thoughts on Early Practice and Art forms Related to the Lotus Sutra in China and Japan, Sixth to Eighth Centuries,” read at the International Lotus Sutra Seminar, organized by the Risshō Kōseikai, Japan; held in Hawai‘i, Jan. 2010
“Silk Road: The Path of Transmission of Avalokiteśvara—A Preliminary Report,” read at the Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology Annual Meeting, Williamsburg, March 2009; Workshop on “Digital Projects in Asian Art and Humanities,” University of Virginia, March 2010; Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong, June 2010
A series of four public lectures: “The Wall Paintings of Hōryūji,” “Empress Wu’s Patronage of Buddhist Art,” “The Art of Tōdaiji and Its Connection to Tang Buddhist Art,” and “Ganjin’s Travels to Japan and His Impact on Buddhist Art,” delivered at the Centre of Buddhist Studies, The University of Hong Kong, Dec. 2008
“Buddha Names: Their Presence and Significance in Sixth-Century Chinese Buddhist Art,” read at the “Chinese Buddhist Art: New Discoveries and Perspectives” conference at the University of Sydney, Aug. 2008
“The Art of Huayan Buddhism at the Courts of Empress Wu and Emperor Shōmu,” read at “The Second International Conference on Huayan/Kegon Buddhism,” organized by the École française d’Extrême-Orient, Paris, July 2008; College Art Association annual meeting, Los Angeles, Feb. 2009
“Chinese Buddhist Sculptures Brought to Japan in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries,” read at the “Interchanges and Influences in Chinese Buddhist Sculpture Conference” at the Sotheby’s Institute of Art, London, with the Circle of Inner Asian Art, Nov. 2007
“On Amoghapāśa,” read at the “Esoteric Buddhist Traditions in East Asia: Text, Ritual and Image Conference,” Yale University, Nov. 2007; the “33rd Research Seminar on Southeast Asian Sculptures,” Osaka University of Human Sciences, May 2008; and at the “Visual and Material Perspectives on East Asia” workshop at the Art Department, University of Chicago, Oct. 2010
“Xuanzang’s Impact on East Asian Buddhist Art,” read at the “East Asian Buddhists Traveling in South Asia and the Significance of Xuanzang Conference,” University of Texas, Austin, Sept. 2007; National Palace Museum, Taipei, Dec. 2007
“Dōji and his Role in Sino-Japanese Buddhist Art Exchanges,” read at the Association for Asian Studies annual meeting, Boston, Mar. 2007
“Early Transmission of Esoteric Images from China to Japan in the Seventh and Eighth Centuries,” read at the “Conference in Honor of Professor Jao Tsung-I’s Ninetieth Birthday,” University of Hong Kong, Dec. 2006; International Lotus Sutra Seminar, held at Putuoshan (near Shanghai), May 2007
“Cultural Transfer on the Silk Road During the Tang Dynasty,” read at the “Under the Yellow Earth: International Symposium on the German-Chinese Collaboration on Protecting Cultural Assets in Shaanxi Province, China,” Bonn, Germany, Apr. 2006
“Guanyin Images in Medieval China, Fifth to Eighth Centuries,” read at the “Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara (Guanyin) and Modern Society Conference,” Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Taipei, Mar. 2006
“Reassessing the Wall Paintings of Hōryū-ji,” read at “The Dawn of East Asian International Buddhist Art and Architecture: Hōryū-ji (Temple of the Exalted Law) in its Contexts Symposium,” University of Virginia, Oct 2005; the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Nov. 2005; the University of Florida, Nov 2005; the University of Heidelberg, Germany, Apr. 2006; National Palace Museum, Taipei, Dec. 2007; the Dunhuang Academy, June 2009
“Huayan Art of East Asia,” read at the “Chinese Buddhism Conference,” Hsi Lai Temple, Los Angeles, May 2005; the Free University, Berlin, June 2005; the University of Munich, June 2005; the University of Vienna, May 2007
Service to the Profession
Conferences and panels organized
Organizer (co-organizers: Gustav Heldt, Japanese Literature; Eric Ramirez-Weaver, Medieval Art) of the “Cultural Crossings: China and Beyond in the Medieval Period” international/interdisciplinary conference and Workshop on “Digital Projects in Asian Art and Humanities,” University of Virginia, March 2010 (http://www.virginia.edu/artmuseum/culturalcrossings/)
Organizer, “The Dawn of East Asian International Buddhist Art and Architecture: Hōryū-ji (Temple of the Exalted Law) in its Contexts” symposium, University of Virginia, Oct. 2005
Organizer, interdisciplinary workshop on “Sacred Biography,” (also served as a panelist), East Asia Center, University of Virginia, 2001
Panel chair and organizer, “Cross-currents in East Asian Buddhism and Buddhist Art, 9th–14th centuries,” Association for Asian Studies annual meeting, 2004
Panel organizer, “Doctrine and Representation in Buddhism and Buddhist Art” (1999), “Capital Cultures and Regionalism During the Northern and Southern Dynasties” (1998), “Image and Text in Chinese Buddhist Patronage” (1997), Association for Asian Studies annual meeting
Panel co-chair, “Monks and Nuns as Artists, Patrons, and Subjects in Buddhist Art,” College Art Association annual meeting, 1999
Editorial Boards, Zhongguo fojiao yishu (Buddhist Art of China, published by Nanjing University, China), 2007–; Early Medieval China, 2001–
Advisory Boards, for the publication of An Anthology of Jao Tsung-i’s Paintings and Calligraphy, 10 vols. (Hong Kong: Jao Tsung-i Petit École, 2006), 2005–06; for the publication of Encyclopedia of Sculpture, ed. Antonia Bostrom (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001), 1999–2001
Other professional activities
Reviewer/reader of fellowship applications, National Endowment for the Humanities; Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Studies, Harvard University
Referee for presses: E.J. Brill (Leiden), University of Hawai‘i Press, Yale University Press
Referee for journals: The Art Bulletin, Ars Orientalis, Asia Major, Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, Daoism: Religion, History and Society, Early Medieval China, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Journal of Oriental Studies, National Palace Museum Quarterly
External examiner of Ph.D. thesis, University of Hong Kong
Service at the University of Virginia (selected)
Summer research Grants Review Committee; Search Committees, Chinese Religion and Medieval Art positions; Page-Barbour and James W. Richard Lectures Committee; Libraries Committee; Undergraduate Advisor for Art History Majors and Minors; Graduate Admissions and Curriculum Committees (Art Department); Supervised or served on a number of Doctoral Dissertation or Master’s Thesis committees
English, Chinese, Japanese, French
Association for Asian Studies, College Art Association, Early Medieval China Group, American Association of University Women
Undergraduate: Buddhist Monuments of Asia; East Asian Art; Chinese Art; Japanese Art; Ancient Chinese Art; Chinese Painting; Graduate: Art and Ritual in Early China; Image and Text in Chinese Buddhist Art; Buddhist Icons: Theory and Practice; Problems in Buddhist Art; Art and the Silk Road; Dunhuang Cave-temples; Cults of Buddhist Images and Relics