BARBARA A. Spellman






      Edited Books and Volumes


Spellman, B. A., & Busey, T. A.  (Eds).  (2010).  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Special Issue: Emerging Trends in Psychology and Law Research, 17, 141-191.


Spellman, B. A., & Willingham, D. T.  (Eds).  (2005).  Current Directions in Cognitive Science:  Readings from the American Psychological Society.  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education / Prentice Hall.


      Articles and Chapters


Tenney, E. R., & Spellman, B. A.  (accepted).  Complex social consequences of self-knowledge.  Social Psychological and Personality Science.


Spellman, B. A.  (in press).  Law and psychology.  In B. van Klink & S. Taekema (Eds.),  Interdisciplinary Research into Law.  Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck.


Tenney, E. R., Small, J. E., Kondrad, R. L., Jaswal, V. K., & Spellman, B. A.  (accepted pending revisions).  Accuracy, confidence, and calibration: How young children and adults assess credibility.  Developmental Psychology.


Spellman, B. A., Tenney, E. R., & Scalia, M. J.  (in press).  Relying on other people’s metamemory.  In A. S. Benjamin (Ed.), Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert A. Bjork (pp. 391-411).  Psychology Press.


Kesebir, S., Oishi, S., & Spellman, B. A. (2010).  The socio-ecological approach turns variance among populations from a liability to an asset.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 33, 96-97.  doi: 10.1017/S0140525X10000129


Spellman, B. A., & Tenney, E. R.  (2010).  Credibility in and out of court.  Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 168-173.


Ranganath, K. A., Spellman, B. A., & Joy-Gaba, J. A.  (2010).  Cognitive “category-based induction” research and social “persuasion” research are each about what makes arguments believable: A tale of two literatures.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 115-122.


Spellman, B. A.  (2010).  Judges, expertise, and analogy.  In D. Klein & G. Mitchell (Eds.), The Psychology of Judicial Decision Making (pp. 149-164).  New York: Oxford University Press.


Spellman, B. A., & Schnall, S.  (2009).  Embodied rationality. Queen’s Law Journal, 35(1), 117-164.


Tenney, E. R., Cleary, H. M. D., & Spellman, B. A.  (2009).  Unpacking the doubt in “beyond a reasonable doubt”: Plausible alternative stories increase not guilty verdicts.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 31, 1-8.  [Revised for legal application and published with response and replies as: “This other dude did it!” A test of the alternative explanation defense.  The Jury Expert, 21(4), 37-42.  Available at:]


Spellman, B. A., & Schauer, F.  (2009).  Artists’ moral rights and the psychology of ownership.  Tulane Law Review, 83, 661-678.


Tenney, E. R., Spellman, B. A., & MacCoun, R. J.  (2008).  The benefits of knowing what you know (and what you don’t):  How calibration affects credibility.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 1368-1375.


Spellman, B. A., Bloomfield, A., & Bjork, R. A.  (2008).  Measuring memory and metamemory: Theoretical and statistical problems with assessing learning (in general) and  using gamma (in particular) to do so.  In J. Dunlosky & R. A. Bjork (Eds.), A Handbook of Memory and Metamemory (pp. 95-116).  New York: Psychology Press.


Spellman, B. A., & Ndiaye, D. G.  (2007).  The relation between counterfactual and causal reasoning.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 30(4), 466-67.


Spellman, B. A.  (2007).  On the supposed expertise of judges in evaluating evidence. 156 University of Pennsylvania Law Review PENNumbra 1 (March 2007);


Tenney, E. R., MacCoun, R. J., Spellman, B. A., & Hastie, R.  (2007).  Calibration trumps confidence as the basis for witness credibility.  Psychological Science, 18, 46-50.  (Editor’s Choice for “Highlights of the Recent Literature” in Science, 315, 574, 2 Feb 2007.)


Spellman, B. A., DeLoache, J., & Bjork, R. A.  (2007).  Making claims in papers and talks.  In R. J. Sternberg, H. L. Roediger, & D. Halpern (Eds.), Critical Thinking in Psychology, (pp. 177-195).  Cambridge University Press.


Goedert, K. M., Harsch, J., & Spellman, B. A.  (2005).  Discounting and conditionalization: Dissociable cognitive processes in human causal inference.  Psychological Science, 16, 590-595.


Spellman, B. A., Kincannon, A., & Stose, S.  (2005).  The relation between counterfactual and causal reasoning.  In D. R. Mandel, D. J. Hilton, & P. Catellani (Eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking (pp. 28-43).  London:  Routledge Research.


Robinson, P. H., & Spellman, B. A.  (2005).  Sentencing decisions:  Matching the decisionmaker to the decision nature.  Columbia Law Review, 105(4), 1124-1161.


Goedert, K. M., & Spellman, B. A.  (2005).  Non-normative discounting:  There is more to cue-interaction effects than controlling for alternative causes.  Learning & Behavior, 33, 197-210.


Spellman, B. A.  (2004).  Reflections of a recovering lawyer: How becoming a cognitive psychologist -- and (in particular) studying analogical and causal reasoning -- changed my views about the field of psychology and law.  Chicago-Kent Law Review, 79(3), 1187-1214.


Dunn, E. W., & Spellman, B. A.  (2003).  Forgetting by remembering: Stereotype inhibition through rehearsal of alternative aspects of identity.  Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 39, 420-433.


Kincannon, A., & Spellman, B. A.  (2003).  The use of category and similarity information in limiting hypotheses.  Memory & Cognition, 31, 114-132.


Spellman, B. A., & Mandel, D. R.  (2003).  Causal reasoning, psychology of.  In L. Nadel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science (Vol. 1, pp. 461-466).  London:  Nature Publishing Group.


Green, A. J., Spellman, B. A., Dusek, J. A., Eichenbaum, H., & Levy, W. G.  (2001).  Relational learning with and without awareness:  Transitive inference using non-verbal stimuli in humans.  Memory & Cognition, 29, 893-902.


Spellman, B. A., & Kincannon, A.  (2001).  The relation between counterfactual ("but for") and causal reasoning:  Experimental findings and implications for jurors' decisions.  Law and Contemporary Problems: Causation in Law and Science, 64(4), 241-264.


Spellman, B. A., Holyoak, K. J., & Morrison, R. G.  (2001).  Analogical priming via semantic relations.  Memory & Cognition, 29, 383-393.


Spellman, B. A., Price, C. M., & Logan, J.  (2001).  How two causes are different from one:  The use of (un)conditional information in Simpson’s paradox.  Memory & Cognition, 29, 193-208.


Cohen, L. B., Rundell, L. J., Spellman, B. A., & Cashon, C. H.  (1999).  Infants’ perception of causal chains.  Psychological Science, 10, 412-418.


Spellman, B. A., & Mandel, D. R.  (1999).  When possibility informs reality:  Counterfactual thinking as a cue to causality.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 120-123.


Spellman, B. A., López, A., & Smith, E. E.  (1999).  Hypothesis testing:  Strategy selection for generalizing versus limiting hypotheses.  Thinking & Reasoning, 5, 67-91.


Spellman, B. A.  (1997).  Crediting causality.  Journal of Experimental Psychology:  General, 126, 323-348.


Spellman, B. A., & Holyoak, K. J.  (1996).  Pragmatics in analogical mapping.  Cognitive Psychology, 31, 307-366.


Spellman, B. A.  (1996).  Acting as intuitive scientists:  Contingency judgments are made while controlling for alternative potential causes.  Psychological Science, 7, 337-342.


Spellman, B. A.  (1996).  Conditionalizing causality.  In D. R. Shanks, K. J. Holyoak, & D. L. Medin (Eds.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, Vol. 34: Causal Learning (pp. 167-206).  San Diego:  Academic.


Spellman, B. A.  (1996).  The implicit use of base rates in experiential and ecologically valid tasks.  Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 19, 38.


Anderson, M. C., & Spellman, B. A.  (1995).  On the status of inhibitory mechanisms in cognition:  Memory retrieval as a model case.  Psychological Review, 102, 68-100.


Spellman, B. A., Ullman, J. B., & Holyoak, K. J.  (1993).  A coherence model of cognitive consistency:  Dynamics of attitude change during the Persian Gulf War.  Journal of Social Issues, 49(4), 147-165.


Holyoak, K. J., & Spellman, B. A.  (1993).  Thinking.  Annual Review of Psychology, 44, 265-315.


Spellman, B. A., & Holyoak, K. J.  (1992).  If Saddam is Hitler then who is George Bush?  Analogical mapping between systems of social roles.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 913-933.


Spellman, B. A., & Bjork, R. A.  (1992).  When predictions create reality:  Judgments of learning may alter what they are intended to assess.  Psychological Science, 3, 315-316.




Spellman, B. A., & Busey, T. A. (2010).  Emerging trends in psychology and law research: An editorial overview.   Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 141-142.


Spellman, B. A.  (2010).  Letter from the incoming editor.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 5, 3-4.


      Short reports


Goedert, K. M., Grimm, L. R., Markman, A. B., & Spellman, B. A.  (2007).  Self-construal and the processing of base rate information in a contingency learning task.   In D. S. McNamara & J. G. Trafton (Eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 1759). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.


Spellman, B. A.  (2004).  The relations between causal (x2) and counterfactual reasoning, the hindsight bias, and regret.  In K. Forbus, D. Gentner, & T. Regier (Eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-sixth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p.  39). Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.


Levy, W. B., Wu, X., Greene, A. J., & Spellman, B. A.  (2002).  A source of individual variation.  Neurocomputing.  Proceedings of the Computational Neuroscience Meeting (CNS02), Chicago, July 2002.


Morrison, R. G., Holyoak, K. J., & Spellman, B. A.  (2000).  Analogical priming in a word naming task.  In L. Gleitman & A. Joshi (Eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-second Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 1045).  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.


Kincannon, A., & Spellman, B. A.  (1999).  Selecting evidence to limit hypotheses.  In M. Hahn & S. C. Stoness (Eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-first Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (p. 798).  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.


Spellman, B. A., & Holyoak, K. J.  (1993).  An inhibitory mechanism for goal-directed analogical mapping.  Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, (pp. 947-952).  Hillsdale, NJ:  Erlbaum.


      Specialty magazines


Spellman, B. A.  (January 2010).  Perspectives on Perspectives from the new editor.  Observer: Published by the American Psychological Society, 23(1), 9-11.


Spellman, B. A.  (March 2005).  Could reality shows become reality experiments?  Observer: Published by the American Psychological Society, 18(3), pp. 34-35.


Spellman, B. A.  (July/August 2001).  Got the IRB blues?  Some things you can do.  Observer: Published by the American Psychological Society, 14(6), pp. 5-6.


Spellman, B. A.  (October 1996).  Degree of difficulty.  [Letter to the editor on the misuse of probability information by a lawyer to a client.] American Bar Association Journal, p. 10.


Spellman, B. A.  (July 1996).  Sex differences in bridge.  The Bulletin of the American Contract Bridge League, pp. 81-82.


Spellman, B. A.  (April 1994).  Bridge and memory:  Some surprising insights.  The Bulletin of the American Contract Bridge League, pp. 54-56.